1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria lachnophora A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Bushy herb or shrub, 1–3 m tall, with numerous densely hairy branches above.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets mostly 3–7.5 × 0.8–3.5 cm, oblanceolate-oblong, oblong-elliptic or obovate, silky pubescent at least beneath; petiole usually shorter than leaflets; stipules mostly 8–25 mm long, oblong-falcate, caudate, very unequal-sided.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes terminal, laxly few–many-flowered; bracts 6–12 mm long, ovate to obovate, acuminate, caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1.1–1.5(1.8) cm long, brownish spreading tomentose; upper and lateral lobes coherent, narrowly triangular, ± twice as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard subcircular, clear yellow, fading orange-red, glabrous outside; wings broad, exceeding the keel; keel (1.8)2.1–2.4(2.6) cm long, abruptly rounded in the lower half, with a relatively short straight blunt beak, lanate towards the upper edge.
    Fruits
    Pod 2.8–4.5 × 1.2–2 cm, subsessile, broadly cylindrical, with a dense shaggy tomentum, mostly 16–18-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4.5–5 mm long, oblong-reniform, granulate, orange-yellow.
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A spreading bush, 3–6 ft. high
    Indumentum
    Clothed with brown hairs
    Flowers
    Flowers conspicuous, yellow becoming reddish
    Ecology
    In usually wet grassland.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial bushy herb or shrub, 1–3 m. tall, much branched above.
    Branches
    Branches slightly ribbed, densely pubescent or tomentose, with mostly slightly spreading brownish hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets oblanceolate-oblong, oblong-elliptic or obovate, up to 30–75 mm. long, 8–35 mm. wide, sparsely pubescent or glabrous above, appressed pubescent beneath; petiole 20–35 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules oblong-falcate, 9–25 mm. long, 4–8 mm. wide, caudate, very unequal-sided.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes lax, up to 10–28 cm. long, few–many-flowered; bracts obovate, up to 8–12 mm. long, acuminate, caducous; bracteoles inserted on the pedicel, filiform to oblanceolate, 1–7 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 11–15(–18) mm. long, spreading tomentose; upper and lateral lobes on either side usually coherent even in the mature flowers, narrowly triangular, ± twice as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, clear yellow, fading orange-red, glabrous outside; wings broadly oblong, longer than the keel; keel abruptly rounded in lower half, narrowed into the rather short blunt slightly incurved untwisted beak, (18–)21–24(–26) mm. long, lanate on the lateral surfaces towards the upper margin.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, broadly cylindrical, 28–42 mm. long, ± 15 mm. across, long densely spreading tomentose, ± 16–18-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong-reniform, 4·5–5 mm. long, granulate, orange-yellow.
    Habitat
    Grassland, sometimes with scattered trees, Acacia bushland and riverine forest, also persisting on roadsides, cultivated and waste ground; 1100–2000 m.
    Distribution
    widespread in tropical Africa from Ghana to Ethiopia and south to Rhodesia and Angola K3 K4 K5 T1 T2 T4 T7 U1 U3 U4
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Lake Victoria regional mosaic; wooded grassland, Zambezian wooded grassland, Zambezian woodland, Sudanian woodland, Montane wooded grassland, Sudanian wooded grassland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; woodland., Montane woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria lachnophora A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [883], Cameroon K000338550
    Jan 1, 1969 Letouzey, R. [8885], Cameroon K000093021
    Jan 1, 1958 Gossweiler, J. [362], Angola K001276925
    Jan 1, 1958 Gossweiler, J. [9456], Angola K001276928
    Jan 1, 1958 Welwitsch [1911], Angola K000227458 isosyntype
    Boughey, A.S. [11138], Cameroon K000086881
    Quartin-Dillon [s.n.], Ethiopia K000412848
    Petit [s.n.], Ethiopia K000412846 isosyntype
    Parkyns, M. [s.n.], Ethiopia K000412845 Unknown type material
    Brunt, M.A. [898], Cameroon K000086882
    Brunt, M.A. [545], Cameroon K000086883
    Brunt, M.A. [556], Cameroon K000086884
    Brunt, M.A. [677], Cameroon K000086887
    Savory, H. J. [387], Cameroon K000086885
    Savory, H. J. [352], Cameroon K000086886
    Ujor, E.U. [30204], Cameroon K000086880
    Schimper [780], Ethiopia Crotalaria lachnocarpa K000412847

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 151 (1847)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 4: 129.
    • Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 151 (1847)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 70 (1962).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 548 (1958).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 129, fig. 6/C (1953).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 191 (1952).
    • Milne-Redh. in Kew Bulletin 5: 351, fig. 3/1, 3, 5, 7 & 9 (1951).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 281 (1948).
    • A. Rich., Tent. PI. Abyss. 1: 151 (1847).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0