1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria lasiocarpa Polhill

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to N. Zambia.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Annual, with short erect stem to 25 cm or so tall and long slender pilose radiating branches prostrate or somewhat ascending in other vegetation.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets mostly 1.5–5 × 0.7–2.5 cm, elliptic to obovate, but those of the leading shoot sometimes longer and relatively narrow, appressed pilose beneath; petiole 8–24 mm long; stipules 1.5–5 mm long, filiform to subulate-caudate.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes mostly leaf-opposed, long-pedunculate, up to 3–5.5 cm long, with 2–5 flowers towards the top of the very slender axis; bracts 1–3 mm long, linear; bracteoles at the base of the calyx, small.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–4.5 mm long, pilose; lobes narrow, 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard subcircular, pale yellow, veined maroon or mauve, glabrous outside; wings ± as long as the keel; keel 5–6 mm long, angled in the lower half, with a relatively long narrow slightly recurved beak.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, (1)1.2–1.3 cm long, ellipsoid-oblong, rarely smaller and subglobose, densely covered with fine spreading hairs, (10)14–16-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2–2.5 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth, dull orange.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian grassland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual, with a short erect leading shoot up to 2·5 dm. tall and long slender pilose radiating branches, prostrate or somewhat ascending in other vegetation.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets elliptic to obovate, up to 25–48 mm. long and 11–23 mm. wide, or those of the leading shoot sometimes rather narrower and proportionally longer, glabrous above, appressed pilose beneath; petiole up to 8–24 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules filiform or caudate-subulate, up to 3–5 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes long-pedunculate, up to 3–5·5 cm. long, with 2–5 flowers towards the top of the very slender axis; bracts filiform or linear, 1–3 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, filiform, up to 1·5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx a little shorter than the keel, 3–4·5 mm. long, pilose; lobes narrow, 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, pale yellow, veined maroon or mauve, glabrous outside; wings ± as long as the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower half, with a relatively long narrow slightly recurved untwisted beak, 5–6 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, ellipsoid-cylindrical, (10–)12–13 mm. long, 6–7 mm. across, rarely subglobose and ± 7 mm. in diameter, spreading tomentose, ± (10–)14–16-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, 2–2·5 mm. long, smooth, dull orange.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland, particularly common along roadsides, on old cultivated land, quarries and other waste places; occasionally extending down into open places in deciduous woodland; 1600–2100 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania, Zambia

    Crotalaria lasiocarpa Polhill appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 1964 Milne-Redhead, E. [10348], Tanzania K000412780 holotype
    Bidgood, S. [3513], Tanzania K001091368

    First published in Kew Bull. 22: 236 (1968)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 236, fig. 11 (1968).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0