1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria mesopontica Taub.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Central & E. Tropical Africa.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane grassland, Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; grasslands., Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Short-lived perennial, with a number of radiating decumbent shoots curved and ascending to 1·5–10 dm., from a little developed taproot.
    Stem
    Stems subterete, pubescent with fine irregularly spreading brownish hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets lanceolate to elliptic or obovate, not varying much in shape up the stem, up to 15–24(–28) mm. long, 4–11 mm. wide, glabrous or pubescent above, covered with appressed or slightly spreading irregularly arranged hairs beneath; petiole 5–13(–20) mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules subulate, up to 1·5 mm. long, caducous or obscure.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes long-pedunculate, up to 15–30 cm. long, with numerous flowers crowded towards the top; bracts subulate-caudate, 1–3·5 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx or just below, less than 1 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, 3–4·5 mm. long, a ppressed or spreading pubescent; lobes triangular-acuminate, subequal to or a little longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate, yellow, veined reddish-purple, glabrous outside; wings longer than the keel; keel rounded about the middle, with a slightly incurved attenuate acute untwisted beak, 6–8(–9) mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod practically sessile, subcylindrical, 16–20 mm. long, 3·5–4 mm. across, usually coarsely pubescent, ± 20–24-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 2 mm. long, smooth, orange-brown.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Central African Repu, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Crotalaria mesopontica Taub. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 24, 1933 Stuhlmann [s.n.], Tanzania K000412622 isosyntype

    First published in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 207 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 170 (1953).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 416 (1949).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 278 (1948), pro parte.
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 377 (1914).
    • Harms in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 245 (1911).
    • Taub. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 207 (1895).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca
    • Backer, C. A. (1963). Flora of Java. Groningen, The Netherlands

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0