1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria microcarpa Hochst. ex Benth.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Flowers
    Flowers deep yellow or orange
    Ecology
    In savannah.
    Habit
    A variable diffusely branched herb, woody at the base, from a few inches to a foot or more long
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Much branched spreading annual or short-lived perennial, 10–70 cm tall, covered with longish appressed or spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly petiolate, 3-foliolate; leaflets 10–30 × 3–8 mm, narrowly lanceolate to oblanceolate, pilose on both surfaces; stipules 0.5–2 mm long, setaceous.
    Flowers
    Flowers few to numerous in heads or short dense (rarely lax) racemes on a slender relatively well developed peduncle; bracts 1.5–3.5 mm long, linear or linear-lanceolate; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, smaller.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2.5–3.5 mm long, pilose; lobes triangular, ± as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic-obovate, yellow, usually marked (or flushed) reddish, pubescent outside; wings ± as long as the keel; keel 4.5–7.5 mm long, angled in the lower part, with a straight or slightly recurved narrow beak.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, 4–7.5 × 2–3 mm, ellipsoid-oblong or conoid-oblong, pubescent, c. 8–12-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 1–1.2 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth, brown.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai grasslands, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Sudanian grasslands, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Zambezian grassland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Much branched spreading and ascending or procumbent annual, up to 3–7 dm. tall, more rarely persisting as a perennial in damp places.
    Stem
    Stem covered with rather long white subappressed or spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets lanceolate to oblanceolate, up to 12–28 mm. long, 4–7 mm. wide, pilose on both surfaces; petiole up to 2–4 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules filiform, 1–2 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers few to numerous in heads or short dense, rarely lax, racemes on a slender 3–10 cm. long peduncle; bracts linear or linear-lanceolate, 1·5–3·5 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, filiform, ± 1–2 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2·5–3·5 mm. long, appressed pilose; lobes triangular, ± as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic-obovate, yellow, usually marked red, pubescent outside; wings ± as long as the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower part, with a straight or slightly recurved narrow untwisted beak, 4·5–7·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, ellipsoid-oblong or conoid-oblong, 4–7·5 mm. long, 2–4 mm. across, pubescent, ± 8–12-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 1–1·2 mm. long, smooth, brown.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland, deciduous bushland and grassland, also persisting on roadsides, cultivated ground and waste places; 0–1500 m.
    Distribution
    K2 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U3 widespread in the drier parts of tropical Africa, from Mali and Ghana to Eritrea and south to Rhodesia, Botswana and Angola

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Botswana

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria microcarpa Hochst. ex Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1965 Holst, C. [2983], Tanzania K000412641 syntype
    Mar 1, 1965 Holst, C. [3219], Tanzania K000412642 syntype
    Dawe, M.T. [892] K000412719 Unknown type material
    Schimper [1965], Ethiopia K000412715
    Schimper [1190], Ethiopia K000412718 isosyntype
    Schimper [1190], Ethiopia K000412716
    Bidgood, S. [6346], Tanzania K000468079
    Bidgood, S. [6309], Tanzania K000468116
    Bidgood, S. [6205], Tanzania K000468220
    Bidgood, S. [6013], Tanzania K000468412
    Kotschy [97], Sudan K000412714
    Pfund, J. [96], Sudan K000412717
    Broun, A.F. [1354], Sudan K000412720

    First published in London J. Bot. 2: 573 (1843)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Chev. Bot. 169.
    • Bak. f. in J. Linn. Soc. 42: 402
    • F.T.A. 2: 16
    • in Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. 2: 573 (1843)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 70 (1962).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 549 (1958).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 145 (1953).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 190 (1952).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 401 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 402 (1914).
    • Taub. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 204 (1895).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 16 (1871).
    • Benth. in Hook., Lond. Journ. Bot. 2: 573 (1843).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0