1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria morumbensis Baker f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Zambia.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect annual, 0.2–1.5 m tall, developing a few ascending branches only on older plants; stem obscurely ribbed, covered with fine longish (0.5–1 mm) subappressed hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 1-foliolate; basal leaflets 2–4.5 × 0.8–2 cm, obovate-elliptic, elliptic or oblong, grading to linear-lanceolate above, c. 4.5–9 × 0.3–0.7 cm, glabrous to sparsely pubescent above, thinly appressed pubescent beneath; petiole c. 2–3 mm long; stipules 2–4 mm long, setaceous.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes terminal, subsessile, 5–25 cm long, subdensely many-flowered, developing clusters of flowers and short racemes from axils of upper reduced leaves; bracts 2–3 mm long, linear; bracteoles on the pedicel, 0.5–1 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3.5–4 mm long, densely subappressed pubescent; lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, yellow, lined reddish, thinly pubescent outside; wings a little shorter than the keel; keel 7–8.5 mm long, angular, with a long narrow twisted beak, slightly incurved at the tip.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, 5–6 × 3–4 mm, shortly oblong-obovoid, pubescent outside and along the suture inside, 2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 3 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth, yellow to greyish-green or purplish.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect annual, up to 1 m. tall, simple at first, only developing laxly inserted ascending branches above in the older plants.
    Stem
    Stem slightly ribbed, densely covered with rather long fine subappressed hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 1-foliolate; leaflets below obovate-elliptic, up to 38–43 mm. long, 13–20 mm. wide, grading to linear-lanceolate above, up to 45–90 mm. long, 3–7 mm. wide, acute or rounded at the apex and prominently apiculate, glabrous or sparsely pubescent above, thinly appressed pubescent beneath; petiole ± 2–3 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules filiform, up to 3 mm. long, rather persistent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes long, subsessile, terminal, up to 25 cm. long, with many fairly closely arranged flowers, and sometimes other flowers clustered in the axils or on abbreviated racemes below; bracts linear, up to 2–3 mm. long; bracteoles inconspicuous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3·5–4 mm. long, with the tube protracted on the lower side, subappressed pubescent; upper lobes subulate-triangular, 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, yellow, thinly pubescent outside; wings shorter than the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower third, with a long narrow twisted beak, 7–8·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, oblong-ellipsoid, 5–6 mm. long, 3–4 mm. across, pubescent outside, pubescent along the suture inside, 2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, up to 3 mm. long, smooth, greyish-green to purplish.
    Habitat
    Old cultivations, probably also in Brachystegia woodland; 1650 m.
    Distribution
    T7
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Crotalaria morumbensis Baker f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Fanshawe, D.B. [8614], Zambia K000627455
    Davies, R.M. [388], Tanzania K000627458
    Brummitt, R.K. [10157], Malawi K000627451
    Bjornstad, A. [1600], Tanzania K000627457
    Bidgood, S. [5696], Tanzania K000468728
    Bidgood, S. [3806], Tanzania K000627456
    van Rensburg, H.J. [2117], Zambia K000627454
    Kassner, T. [2939], Congo, DRC K000627459 Unknown type material
    Kornas, J. [1642], Zambia K000627453
    Pawek, J. [14343], Malawi K000627450
    Patel, I.H. [882], Malawi K000627452

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 42: 267 (1914)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 79 (1953).
    • Bak.f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 267 (1914).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0