1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria natalitia Meisn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, SW. Arabien Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Woody herb or small shrub, 1–2.6 m tall, with 1–several thin stems and rather strictly ascending pubescent branches mostly towards the top, rarely somewhat procumbent in burned and heavily grazed places.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly in tufts, 3-foliolate; leaflets mostly (1.5)2–4.5 × 0.4–1.5 cm, linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate-elliptic, appressed pubescent beneath; petioles mostly a little shorter than leaflets; stipules (3)5–15 × 1–4 mm, shortly stalked, linear-lanceolate to oblong-falcate, very unequal-sided.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes terminal, up to 10–22 cm long, with few–many fairly closely to rather laxly arranged flowers; bracts 2.5–6 mm long, linear to elliptic-caudate, caducous; pedicels rather stiffly erect.
    Calyx
    Calyx 6–9(10) mm long; upper lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, as long as to a little longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard subcircular, yellow, sometimes reddish-brown tinged outside, fading orange-red, glabrous outside; wings broad, exceeding the keel; keel 11–14 mm long, abruptly rounded about the middle, with a rather short slightly incurved beak, lanate towards the upper margin.
    Fruits
    Pod 3.4–4(4.5) × 1.1–1.5 cm, broadly cylindrical, abruptly contracted to a 4–5 mm long stipe, glabrous, often mottled dark green to blue-black before ripening, 25–40-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3.5–4 mm long, oblong-reniform, with a small aril, granulate or smooth, dark brown.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Woody herb or small shrub, 1–2·6 m. tall, with 1–several thin stems and rather strictly ascending branches mostly towards the top, rarely somewhat procumbent in burnt or heavily grazed areas.
    Branches
    Branches ribbed, usually rather densely appressed or slightly spreading pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually mostly crowded on abbreviated lateral shoots, 3–foliolate; leaflets linear-oblanceolate, oblanceolate to oblanceolate-elliptic, up to 20–42 mm. long, 4–12 mm. wide, glabrous above, appressed pubescent beneath; petiole up to 10–30 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules shortly stalked, lanceolate to oblong-falcate, acuminate, up to 5–15 mm. long, 1–4 mm. wide, very unequal-sided.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes up to 10–22 cm. long, with few to many laxly or rather densely arranged flowers towards the top; bracts linear to acuminately elliptic-caudate, 2·5–6 mm. long, early caducous; bracteoles inserted on the stiffly ascending pedicel, filiform, up to 2 mm. long, caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 6–9(–10) mm. long, glabrous or appressed pubescent; upper lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, subequal to a little longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, yellow, sometimes tinged red-brown or sepia outside, fading reddish-orange, glabrous outside; wings broadly oblong, longer than the keel; keel abruptly rounded about the middle, with a slightly incurved untwisted beak, 11–14 mm. long, conspicuously white lanate-pubescent on the lateral surfaces towards the upper margin.
    Fruits
    Pod broadly cylindrical, abruptly contracted into the 4–5 mm. long stipe, 35–40(–45) mm. long, 11–13 mm. across, glabrous, usually mottled dark-green to blue-black, 25–40-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong-reniform, 3·5–4 mm. long, with a small white aril much shorter than the hilar sinus, minutely granulate or smooth, dark brown.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai grasslands, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Tongaland-Pondoland regional transition zone - grassland., Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Zambezian grassland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria natalitia Meisn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1972 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000227447 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1972 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000227448 Unknown type material
    Milne-Redhead, E. [8855], Tanzania 748.000
    Sutherland [s.n.], South Africa K000227315
    Krauss [339], South Africa K000227314 Unknown type material
    Harris, T. [481], Malawi K000614559

    First published in London J. Bot. 2: 67 (1843)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 146 (1962).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 122 (1953).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 413 (1949).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 202 (1948), pro parte.
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 381 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 410 (1914).
    • Meissn. in Hook., Lond. Journ. Bot. 2: 67 (1843).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0