1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria nyikensis Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to N. Zambia.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect annual or short-lived perennial, up to 6–13 dm. tall, ultimately with many ascending branches.
    Stem
    Stem densely covered with mostly slightly spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets linear-oblanceolate to oblan-ceolate-oblong, up to 12–20 mm. long and 2–7 mm. wide, obtuse to rounded at the apex, glabrous or with a few scattered hairs and glabrescent above, rather densely appressed pilose beneath; petiole ± 5–11 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences shortly pedunculate, usually very dense heads or short racemes,± 3–5 cm. long; bracts linear, 2–3 mm. long, ± as long as the pedicel; bracteoles inserted near the top of the pedicel, filiform, up to 1·5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5 mm. long, with the tube slightly protracted on the lower side, very densely spreading pilose; upper lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, ± twice as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, yellow, veined reddish-brown and densely hairy outside; wings shorter than the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower third, with a very long narrow twisted beak, slightly incurved at the tip, 7·5–8·5(–9) mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, ovoid-ellipsoid, somewhat pointed, up to 5–6 mm. long, 4 mm. across, pilose, 1–2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Mature seeds unknown.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland; 1350 m.
    Distribution
    T7
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane grassland, Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect, ultimately bushy annual or short-lived perennial, 50–130 cm tall; branches densely covered with longish mostly spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets mostly 8–20 × 2–7 mm, linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate-oblong, the lowermost sometimes oblong-obovate, glabrous or nearly so above, rather densely appressed pilose beneath; petiole 3–11 mm long; stipules 0.
    Flowers
    Flowers in sessile to shortly pedunculate dense heads or short racemes 2–5 cm long, rarely in longer dense racemes; bracts (1)2–3 mm long, linear-lanceolate, usually ± as long as the pedicel; bracteoles near top of the pedicel, 1–1.5 mm long, setaceous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5 mm long, densely often brownish villous; upper lobes attenuate-triangular, ± twice as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic-obovate, yellow, veined reddish-brown and densely hairy outside; wings a little shorter than the keel; keel (7)7.5–8.5(9) mm long, angular, with a narrow twisted beak, slightly incurved at the tip.
    Fruits
    Pods sessile, 4.5–6 × 3–4 mm, ovoid-ellipsoid, somewhat pointed, pilose, 1–2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth, with a conspicuous aril.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia

    Crotalaria nyikensis Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Stolz, A. [259], Tanzania K000412667 Unknown type material
    Bidgood, S. [5410], Tanzania K000190640
    Whyte, A. [197], Malawi K000227403 Unknown type material

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1897: 250 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 245 (1953).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 402 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 280 (1914).
    • Bak. in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1897: 250 (1897).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0