1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria occidentalis Hepper

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Cameroon, Zambia.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; grasslands., Zambezian grassland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect, sometimes diffuse, annual, 15–50 cm tall; branches slender, appressed pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves subsessile, simple; blade (7)10–22 × 3–6 mm, oblong, rounded at both ends, appressed pubescent beneath; stipules mostly 1–2 mm long, subulate, but enlarged on flowering branches (leaflet proportionally reduced), 2–4 mm long, linear-lanceolate to obliquely lanceolate-acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes mostly on rather short lateral branches with modified leaves, 1–3 cm long, 1–2-flowered (second flower sometimes aborting), the axis filiform; bracts 1–1.5 mm long, linear or linear-subulate (upper one paired by a filiform rhachis-extension); bracteoles at top of a rather short pedicel, smaller.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3.5–4 mm long, deeply divided into 2 lips, appressed pubescent; lobes narrowly triangular-lanceolate, c. 3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard broadly elliptic, yellow, lined red, puberulous medially near apex outside; wings as long as the keel; keel 5 mm long, subangular, with a rather short twisted beak.
    Fruits
    Pod shortly stipitate, 1.2–1.6 × 0.35–0.45 cm, oblong-fusiform, glabrous, 10–16-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1.2–1.5 mm long, very obliquely cordiform, minutely pitted, greenish to reddish-brown.
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A slender ascending herb up to 2 ft. high
    Ecology
    Of seasonally flooded land
    Flowers
    Flowers red and yellow.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Zambia

    Crotalaria occidentalis Hepper appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jordan, H.D. [826], Sierra Leone K000412869 holotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 11: 113 (1956)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in Kew Bull. 1956: 113, fig. 1.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0