1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria ovata Polhill

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Small annual, with prostrate radiating branches up to 15 cm. long.
    Branches
    Branches hirsute with mostly spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple; blade ovate, 12–25 mm. long, 7–14 mm. wide, rather pointed, pilose on both surfaces; petiole 1–2 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules filiform, 2–3 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes with 1–4 flowers at the top of a relatively well-developed peduncle, 1–2 cm. long; bracts filiform, up to 3 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, similar to the bract.
    Calyx
    Calyx becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, 3·5–4 mm. long, thinly pilose; lobes acuminately triangular, ±as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, cream, strongly veined with purple and glabrous outside; wings longer than the keel; keel rounded, with a short blunt untwisted beak, 4–5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, ellipsoid, 8–10 mm. long, 4–5 mm. across, pilose, thin-walled, 8–10-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, 1·8–2 mm. long, slightly wrinkled, dull brown.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland as a pioneer on old cultivated land and quarries; 1850–1900 m.
    Distribution
    T7 known only from the Matanana Plateau
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Insufficiently known
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane (upland) anthropic landscapes, Afromontane grassland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Crotalaria ovata Polhill appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 1, 1965 Polhill, R. [1870], Tanzania K000412631 holotype
    Feb 1, 1965 Polhill, R. [1870], Tanzania K000412632 paratype
    Watermeyer [122], Tanzania K000515010

    First published in Kew Bull. 22: 279 (1968)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 279, fig. 22 (1968).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0