1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria parvula Welw. ex Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; grasslands., Zambezian grassland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Annual, with slender erect stem, 5–40 cm tall, developing numerous ascending or spreading stems from the base, often also short flowering branches at the top; stem rather densely appressed puberulous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 5–12 × 1.5–4 mm, linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate, rounded to truncate or retuse, appressed puberulous beneath; petiole 2–5 mm long; stipules 0.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes or heads sessile, dense, 1–3(6 in fruit) cm long, many-flowered; bracts 1–1.5 mm long, linear; pedicel 1–2 mm long, sometimes with minute bracteoles.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2–3 mm long, ± densely appressed puberulous; upper lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard oblong-obovate, pale yellow, reddish marked basally inside, red lined outside and medially puberulous to tomentellous, glabrous near the edges; wings shorter than the keel; keel 3–4 mm long, angular, with a narrow twisted beak.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, 2–3.5 mm long, ovoid-globose, puberulous, 2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–1.5 mm long, ovate-cordiform, smooth, with a prominent aril.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual with a slender erect stem, up to 4·5 dm. tall, developing numerous slender ascending or spreading branches from the base, often also shortflowering branchlets at the top.
    Stem
    Stem shortly and usually rather densely appressed pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets oblanceolate to obcunei-form, up to 7–12 mm. long and 1·5–4 mm. wide, mostly rounded to truncate or retuse at the apex, glabrous above, shortly and finely appressed pubescent beneath; petiole up to 4–5 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes or heads sessile, dense, up to 1–4(–6) cm. long, many-flowered, sometimes with a few other flowers in the axils below; bracts linear, up to 1–1·5 mm. long; brac-teoles inserted on the pedicel, very small.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2–3 mm. long, with the tube slightly protracted on the lower side, appressed pubescent; upper lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard oblong-obovate, pale yellow with reddish marks at the base inside and reddish veined outside, densely appressed puberulous outside; wings shorter than the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower third, with a narrow twisted beak, 3–4 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, ovoid-globose, 2·5–3·5 mm. long, shortly pubescent, 2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovate-cordiform in outline, 1–1·5 mm. long, with a prominent aril, smooth, dull brown.
    Habitat
    Short grassland; 1650 m.
    Distribution
    T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Malawi, Nigeria, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Crotalaria parvula Welw. ex Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Welwitsch [1971], Angola K000227439

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 25 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 34 (1962).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 203 (1953).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 276 (1914).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 25 (1871).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0