1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria patula Polhill

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to NE. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial, with a number of straggling or ascending well-branched stems, up to 4·5 dm. long.
    Stem
    Stems densely covered with long mostly spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets oblanceolate, oblanceolate-elliptic or obovate, up to 12–24 mm. long and 6–9 mm. wide, appressed pilose on both surfaces, more densely so beneath; petiole ± 5–10 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules subulate, up to 3–5 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes pedunculate, up to 4–11 cm. long, with ± 12–24 laxly or rather closely arranged flowers towards the top; bracts subulate, 1–2·5 mm. long; bracteoles inserted just below the calyx, filiform, up to 1–1·5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5 mm. long, pilose; lobes acuminately triangular, longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, yellow, with reddish-brown veins and glabrous outside; wings ± as long as the keel or shorter; keel rounded about the middle, with a rather straight untwisted beak, 6–8 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod nearly sessile, cylindrical, up to 11 mm. long and 4 mm. across, densely pubescent, maturing up to ± 12 seeds from the ± 26–30 ovules.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 2 mm. long, rugulose, reddish-brown.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland and grassland with thicket, persisting on cultivated ground and roadsides; 125–420 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T3 not known elsewhere
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Tanzania

    Crotalaria patula Polhill appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 1, 1965 Polhill, R. [912], Kenya K000058676
    Feb 1, 1965 Bogdan, A. [5327], Kenya K000058677
    Wallich [s.n.], Burma K000591100
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5371], Myanmar K001120708

    First published in Kew Bull. 22: 283 (1968)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 283, fig. 24 (1968).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0