1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria petitiana (A.Rich.) Walp.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Tropical Africa to N. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect annual, up to 5–20 dm. tall, usually well branched.
    Stem
    Stem ribbed, covered with short appressed or sometimes spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets very variable, narrowly oblong-lanceolate to broadly elliptic, up to 6–10·5(–15) cm. long and 1·6–3·2 cm. wide, glabrous to sparsely pubescent above, appressed pubescent beneath; petiole ± 2·5–7 cm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes terminal and leaf-opposed, pedunculate, up to 11–28 cm. long, with many closely arranged flowers; bracts long-caudate, expanded at the base, (3–)5–11 mm. long, persistent; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, linear-caudate or filiform, 3–10 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, (5–)6–8 mm. long, appressed and often rather densely pubescent; lobes narrowly triangular-caudate, usually longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate-orbicular, yellow, usually veined reddish-brown or purple, glabrous outside; wings longer than the keel; keel abruptly rounded about the middle, with a rather long slightly incurved untwisted beak, 10–12 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod shortly stipitate, shortly cylindrical, (15–) 18–24 mm. long, 6–8 mm. across, pubescent, ± (20–)26–38-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 3 mm. long, smooth, ochre.
    Habitat
    Grassland and, at lower altitudes, swamp margins, also persisting on cultivated ground; 900–2000 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T4 U1 U2 U3 U4
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; grasslands., Afromontane grassland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Crotalaria petitiana (A.Rich.) Walp. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Seut [s.n.] K000412703 Unknown type material

    First published in Ann. Bot. Syst. 2: 316 (1852)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 25: 275 (1971).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 236 (1955).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 190 (1952), pro parte.
    • Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 2: 316 (1852).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0