1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria phylloloba Harms

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial, with a well-branched erect leading shoot, up to 6 dm. tall, and long procumbent lower branches.
    Stem
    Stem hirsute with rather long spreading hairs swollen at the base.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets linear-lanceolate, lanceolate or elliptic, up to 54–90 mm. long, 11–25 mm. wide, with a few scattered hairs or glabrous above, sparsely pilose beneath; petiole up to 15–30 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules filiform, up to 5–13 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes lax, up to 9–15 cm. long, mostly 4–9-flowered; bracts subulate or filiform, 2–3·5 mm. long; bracteoles curved-ascending from the pedicel, obliquely lanceolate or oblong-falcate, 7–12 mm. long, 3–5 mm. wide.
    Calyx
    Calyx practically enveloping the corolla, slightly accrescent, 14–20 mm. long, thinly appressed puberulous and also with long hairs on the tube and lobe-margins; upper lobes ovate, cordate, 4–5 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, clear yellow, veined sepia near the base inside, pubescent outside; wings as long as the keel; keel bent almost at right-angles in the lower half, with a rather long tapering almost straight untwisted beak, 12–14 mm. long, densely lanate-pubescent along the upper margin.
    Fruits
    Pod shorter than the calyx, subsessile, broadly ellipsoid, up to 17 mm. long, 10 mm. across, glabrous, ± 22–26-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 4 mm. long, rugose, with the raised areas in concentric rows towards the margin, radial towards the hilum, orange red, with a white “blister” at the narrow end.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland and secondary deciduous woodland, persisting on roadsides and cultivated ground; 850–1600 m.
    Distribution
    T5 T7 not known elsewhere
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Insufficiently known
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland, Zambezian bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Crotalaria phylloloba Harms appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [11210], Tanzania 11459.000
    Bidgood, S. [6316], Tanzania K000468109

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54: 382 (1917)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 48 (1926).
    • Harms in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 54: 382 (1917).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0