1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria podocarpa DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Annual with an erect stem to 70 cm tall and long spreading or decumbent lower branches, with generally spreading hears.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets variable, mostly 1.5–5(8) × 0.3–1.6(2.5) cm, linear or oblong-lanceolate to obovate-elliptic, usually thinly hairy at least beneath; petioles mostly shorter than the leaflets; stipules 5–17 × 3–7 mm, shortly stalked, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate-falcate, acuminate, usually truncate or rounded at the base, very unequal-sided.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes (3)6–14 cm long, long-pedunculate, laxly 2–5(8)-flowered; bracts up to 3.5 mm long, filiform and caducous, or lacking; pedicels 2.5–6 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 7–9 mm long, hairy or subglabrous; lobes triangular-subulate, longer than the tube, ultimately reflexed.
    Corolla
    Standard ovate, clear yellow, sometimes slightly reddish tinged, glabrous outside; wings a little shorter than the keel; keel 1.2–1.7 cm long, angled in the lower half, with a straight beak, lanate towards the upper edge (particularly on the beak).
    Fruits
    Pod 2–3 × 0.9–1.4 cm, cylindrical, often rather broadly so and somewhat inflated when young, abruptly contracted to the slender 2.5–5 mm long stipe, glabrous, 6–12-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4.5–6 mm in diameter, subcircular-reniform, compressed with a broad raised rim, irregularly tuberculate, orange or pale yellow.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect annual, with long spreading or decumbent branches from the base, up to 7 dm. tall, much branched.
    Stem
    Stem terete, sparsely spreading pilose or (outside East Africa) glabrous to appressed pubescent with fine hairs swollen at the base.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets variable, linear or oblong-lanceolate to obovate-elliptic, up to 18–50(–78) mm. long, 3–16(–24) mm. wide, usually thinly hairy at least beneath; petiole 20–45 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules very shortly stalked, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate-falcate, 5–17 mm. long, 3–7 mm. wide, acuminate, truncate or rounded at the base, very unequal-sided.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes long-pedunculate, lax, up to (3–)6–14 cm. long, ±2–5(–8)-flowered; bracts filiform, 2–4 mm. long, caducous; bracteoles inserted on the receptacle or pedicel, filiform, up to 1·5 mm. long, caducous, or absent.
    Calyx
    Calyx 7–9 mm. long, subglabrous, sparsely hirsute or appressed pubescent; upper and lateral lobes rather persistently coherent at the tips, triangular-subulate, longer than the tube, ultimately reflexed.
    Corolla
    Standard ovate, clear yellow, sometimes slightly reddish tinged, glabrous outside; wings a little shorter than the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower half, with a long almost straight untwisted projecting beak, 12–17 mm. long, conspicuously white lanate-pubescent along the upper margin.
    Fruits
    Pod broadly or turgidly cylindrical, abruptly contracted into the slender 2·5–5 mm. long stipe, 20–30 mm. long, 9–14 mm. across, glabrous, pale with a dark coloured upper suture, 6–12-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds suborbicular-reniform, laterally compressed with a broad slightly raised rim, 4·5–6 mm. in diameter, with a very small aril, irregularly tuberculate, orange or pale yellow.
    Habitat
    Open generally sandy places in deciduous woodland and bushland, wooded grassland, also persisting on roadsides and cultivated ground; 850–1400 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 T2 T4 T5 T7 U1 Senegal, Mali, Sudan to Ethiopia and Eritrea, also Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia and Rhodesia to the Cape Province of South Africa, South West Africa and Angola
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sahel regional transition zone; grassland, Zambezian grassland, Kalahari-Highveld regional transition zone; grassland.
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    An erect herb, 1–2 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers pale yellow.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burkina, Cape Provinces, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria podocarpa DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 17, 2009 Crawford, F. [167], Namibia K000450443
    Jan 1, 1972 Kirk [s.n.], Mozambique K000227454 syntype
    Jan 1, 1958 Welwitsch [1977], Angola K000227456
    Kirk, J. [4], Mozambique K000227453 Unknown type material
    Bidgood, S. [6305], Tanzania K000468120
    Dinter [6], Namibia K000227326
    Baines, T. [s.n.], Botswana K000227457 Unknown type material

    First published in Prodr. 2: 133 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Bak. f. in J. Linn. Soc. 42: 406.
    • —F.T.A. 2: 17
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 224 (1968).
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 72 (1962).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 548 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 191 (1952).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 381 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 406 (1914).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 17 (1871).
    • DC., Prodr. 2: 133 (1825).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/