1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria poecilantha Polhill

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Procumbent perennial, with a woody rootstock and long trailing thinly appressed puberulous stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly petiolate, mostly 3-foliolate, the uppermost often 1-foliolate; leaflets oblong-elliptic, up to 50 mm. long and 23 mm. wide, chartaceous, glabrous (except along midvein) and glossy above, sparsely puberulous with short stiff appressed hairs beneath; petiole 2–4 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules subulate or linear-caudate, up to 5 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes terminal and lateral, pedunculate, up to 9–13 cm. long, with ± 6–10 laxly arranged flowers; bracts linear-caudate, up to 7 mm. long; bracteoles inserted on the upper part of the pedicel, linear, 2·5–5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx nearly as long as the keel or exceeding it, accrescent, up to 10–15 mm. long, densely covered with very short stiff appressed white hairs; lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, up to 4 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard sub-orbicular, bright yellow inside, purplish-brown and yellow flushed outside, conspicuously appressed puberulous; wings a little shorter than the keel; keel rounded about the middle, almost semiorbicular, with a distinct crest preceding the short incurved circumflexed beak, 12–13 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod shortly stipitate, ellipsoid-clavate, ± 27 mm. long, 10 mm. across, brown tomentellous and ultimately glabrescent outside, spreading pubescent inside, up to ± 14-seeded.
    Seeds
    Mature seeds not seen.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland; ± 1500m.
    Distribution
    T8 not known elsewhere
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Insufficiently known
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Crotalaria poecilantha Polhill appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1969 Greenway, P.J. [8348], Tanzania K000412773 holotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 25: 280 (1971)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 25: 280, fig. 2 (1971).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0