1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria prittwitzii Baker f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Angola.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect bushy and slightly woody perennial, up to 1 m. tall.
    Stem
    Stem terete to finely ribbed above, densely pubescent or pilose with both appressed and rather spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets narrowly oblong or oblanceolate, up to 30–52 mm. long, 6–14 mm. wide, more rarely elliptic, up to 55 mm. long, 24 mm. wide, glabrous above, densely appressed pubescent or pilose beneath; petiole 14–35 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules oblong-falcate, up to 8–18 mm. long, 2·5–7 mm. wide, acuminate, markedly unequal-sided.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes lax, up to 10 cm. long, ± 6–15-flowered; bracts subulate or linear, 3–9 mm. long, early caducous; bracteoles inserted on the upper part of the pedicel, filiform, 3·5–6·5 mm. long, caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx (5·5–)8–10 mm. long, rather densely pubescent with appressed or slightly spreading hairs; lobes triangular, a little longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, bright yellow, sometimes faintly lined with brown, glabrous outside; wings oblanceolate to broadly obovate-oblong, longer than the keel; keel abruptly angled in the lower half, with a straight blunt untwisted beak, 14–16 mm. long, densely white lanate-pilose towards the upper margin.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, shortly and broadly cylindrical, at least 22 mm. long, densely spreading tomentose, ± 12–16-seeded.
    Seeds
    Mature seeds unknown.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland, particularly in secondary growth and margins, grassland of seasonally inundated places, also persisting on roadsides; 1200–2450 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T4 T5 T7
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect bushy and slightly woody perennial, up to 1 m tall, densely covered with both appressed and spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 2–5.5 × 0.5–1.5 cm, oblanceolate to elliptic-oblanceolate, silky pubescent beneath; petiole mostly shorter than leaflets; stipules 7–15(20) mm long, oblong-falcate, acuminate, very unequal-sided.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes terminal, becoming lax, mostly 6–15-flowered; bracts 3–9 mm long, narrow, evanescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx (5.5)8–10 mm long, rather densely pubescent; lobes triangular, somewhat acuminate, a little longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard subcircular, bright yellow, sometimes faintly lined brown, glabrous outside; wings oblanceolate to broadly obovate-oblong, exceeding the keel; keel 1.4–1.6 cm long, angled in the lower half, with a straight blunt beak, lanate towards the upper edge.
    Fruits
    Pod at least 2.2 cm long, sessile, shortly and broadly cylindrical, shaggy tomentose, mostly 12–16-seeded.
    Seeds
    Mature seeds not seen.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Crotalaria prittwitzii Baker f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1969 Kassner, J. [2904], Congo, DRC K000412873 Unknown type material
    Bidgood, S. [5411], Tanzania K000190641

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 42: 326 (1914)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 227 (1968).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 326 (1914).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0