1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria pseudodiloloensis R.Wilczek

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to Zambia.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Stems several to many, erect from a slender vertical and rhizomatous rootstock, 8–35 cm tall, slender, simple to sparingly branched, scarcely ribbed, appressed or subappressed pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves often little developed at flowering time, mostly 3-foliolate, uppermost often 1-foliolate; leaflets 4–14 × 0.5–3(4) mm, linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate, acute to obtuse or rarely rounded at the apex, often folded lengthwise, glabrous or nearly so above, finely pubescent beneath; petiole 1–3(10) mm long, channelled; stipules 0.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes (3)7–12 cm long, subdense at first, becoming lax, (6)10–24-flowered, often with flowers in the axils below; bracts 1–3(6) mm long, linear-lanceolate, usually shorter than the pedicel; bracteoles on the pedicel, setaceous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–4 mm long, appressed pubescent; lobes triangular to triangular-lanceolate, 1.2–1.5(2) times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard broadly elliptic-obovate, yellow, usually flushed crimson-purple, usually thinly but extensively pubescent outside; wings ± as long as the keel; keel 5–7 mm long, angular, with a narrow twisted beak slightly incurved at the tip.
    Fruits
    Pod nearly sessile, 5–7 × 3–4 mm, ovoid-globose to shortly oblong-ovoid, appressed pubescent, 4–10-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 2 mm long, rounded-cordiform, smooth, brown, exarillate.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial with numerous erect simple or little-branched stems from a narrow sometimes rhizomatous stock, up to 1–3·5 dm. tall.
    Stem
    Stems very slender, generally rather densely covered with appressed hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly 3-foliolate, but the uppermost usually 1-foliolate; leaflets linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate, up to 9–14 mm. long and 1–3·5 mm. wide, acute to rounded at the apex, often folded lengthwise, glabrous or with a few scattered hairs above, appressed pilose beneath; petiole ± 1–3 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes sessile or shortly pedunculate, up to5–13 cm. long, with a number of fairly closely arranged flowers and other flowers often clustered in the axils below; bracts linear to linear-lanceolate, 1–3(–5) mm. long; bracteoles variously inserted on the pedicel or rarely at the base of the calyx, filiform, 0·5–1(–2·5) mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3·5–4·5 mm. long, with the tube slightly protracted on the lower side, densely appressed pubescent; upper lobes acuminately triangular, at least a little longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate-orbicular, yellow, heavily flushed maroon-brown or purple, glabrous to thinly pubescent outside; wings scarcely shorter than the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower third, with a narrow twisted beak slightly incurved at the tip, 5·5–7(–8) mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, ovoid-globose to shortly ellipsoid, pointed, up to 5–7 mm. long and 3–4 mm. across, appressed pubescent, ± 3–6-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds orbicular-cordiform, up to 2 mm. across, without a conspicuous aril, smooth, purplish-brown.
    Habitat
    Sandy roadside in general area of Brachystegia woodland, fire tolerant; 1500 m.
    Distribution
    T7
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland, Zambezian grassland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Crotalaria pseudodiloloensis R.Wilczek appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 23: 212 (1953)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wilczek in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 23:212 (1953)
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 253 (1953).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0