1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria pseudotenuirama Torre

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect annual 20–90 cm tall, with generally numerous slender ascending branches; stem appressed pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 8–20 × 2–5 mm, linear-oblanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate, mostly rounded to truncate at the apex, appressed pubescent beneath; petiole 2–9 mm long; stipules 0.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 3–13 cm long, subdensely to laxly 10–30-flowered; bracts 1–2 mm long, linear to linear-lanceolate; pedicel 2–4 mm long, sometimes with minute bracteoles.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2.5–3.5 mm long, brownish tomentose; upper lobes triangular, 1–1.5 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate, pale yellow, veined brown, golden-brown tomentose outside; wings ± as long as the keel; keel 4–6 mm long, angular, with a narrow twisted beak slightly incurved at the tip.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, 5–6 mm long, ovoid-globose, pubescent, 1–2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2 mm long, ovate-cordiform, smooth, brown to purplish, with a prominent aril.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect annual, up to 6–9 dm. tall, often with numerous slender ascending branches from the base upwards.
    Stem
    Stem slender, subappressed pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets linear-oblanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate, up to 12–20 mm. long and 2–5 mm. wide, mostly rounded or truncate at the apex, glabrous above, appressed pubescent beneath; petiole up to 4–9 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes usually shortly pedunculate, up to 7–13 cm. long, with mostly numerous fairly closely arranged flowers; bracts linear, up to 2 mm. long, much shorter than the pedicel; bracteoles inconspicuous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2·5–3·5 mm. long, with the tube protracted on the lower side, brownish tomentose; upper lobes triangular, ± as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate, pale yellow, veined brown, golden-brown tomentose outside; wings ± as long as the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower third, with a narrow slightly incurved twisted beak, 4–6 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, subglobose-ovoid, ± 5–6 mm. long, brown appressed pubescent, 1–2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovate-cordiform in outline, up to 2 mm. long, with a prominent aril, smooth, brown, sometimes purplish tinged.
    Habitat
    Wet places in seasonally inundated or valley grassland, though generally on sandy soils; 1150–2200 m.
    Distribution
    widespread in tropical Africa, from the Ivory Coast east to Ethiopia and south to Zambia and Angola, but only locally common K3 T1 T4 T5
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sudanian grasslands, Zambezian grassland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Crotalaria pseudotenuirama Torre appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1962 Gossweiler [1472], Angola K000227442 isotype
    Bidgood, S. [5686], Tanzania K000468738
    Paweck [4755], Malawi K000227441 holotype

    First published in Mem. Junta Invest. Ultramar, 2 Ser. 19: 36 (1960)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 28: 331 (1968).
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 47 (1962).
    • Torre in Mem. Junta Invest. Ultram., sér. 2, 19: 36 (1960)
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0