1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria pycnostachya Benth.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Arabian Peninsula, NE. & E. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual, much branched, either erect and bushy or with mostly radiating decumbent branches, up to 1·5–13 dm. tall.
    Stem
    Stem conspicuously ribbed, shortly appressed pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets wedge-shaped, oblanceolate or oblong-oblanceolate, up to 20–44 mm. long, 5–16 mm. wide, long-cuneate, glabrous above, thinly appressed puberulous beneath; petiole up to 12–18 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules filiform, 3–7 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes subsessile or shortly pedunculate, dense, up to 4–9 cm. long, many-flowered; bracts linear, 1·5–3(–4) mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the top of the short pedicel, small.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2–2·5 mm. long, glabrous or with very small hairs on the lobes; lobes triangular, a little longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate, pale yellow, glabrous outside; wings longer than the keel; keel abruptly rounded, with a short untwisted beak, 4–5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, shortly oblong-clavate, 12–15 mm. long, 3–5 mm. across, appressed puberulous, ± 8–10-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 2 mm. long, slightly rugulose, pale brown, mottled darker.
    Habitat
    Grassland and deciduous bushland, stony hillsides and dry river banks, becoming a weed of cultivated and waste ground, mainly in low rainfall areas; 750–1680 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 U1 also in tropical Arabia
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai anthropic landscapes, Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Somalia-Masai grasslands
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

    Crotalaria pycnostachya Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Tanzania 11456.000
    Schimper [1213], Ethiopia K000412687 Unknown type material
    Schimper [2191], Ethiopia K000412688 Unknown type material
    Kotschy [417], Sudan K000412689
    Kotschy [417], Sudan K000412690

    First published in London J. Bot. 2: 584 (1843)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 189, fig. 79 (1952).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 373 (1914), excl. var.
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 43 (1871).
    • Benth. in Hook., Lond. Journ. Bot. 2: 584 (1843).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0