1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria recta Steud. ex A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian wooded grassland, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; bushland and thicket, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; wooded grassland, Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transitional zone; wooded grassland., Guinea-Congolia/Zambezia regional transition z
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Perennial, usually with several erect sparingly branched stems, usually 1–2(3) m tall; stems hollow, ribbed, appressed pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3(rarely 5)-foliolate; leaflets mostly 2–14(20) × 1–6 cm, linear-lanceolate, oblanceolate-elliptic, elliptic or obovate, pubescent beneath; petiole (0.7)2–6 cm long; stipules (3)6–9 mm long, linear-lanceolate.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 15–50 cm long, many-flowered; bracts 6–11 mm long, linear-lanceolate, caudate; bracteoles on the pedicel, 2–5 mm long, filiform.
    Calyx
    Calyx 9–12 mm long, glabrous or pubescent; lobes triangular, ± as long as the tube or longer.
    Corolla
    Standard subcircular, yellow, veined and suffused purplish at the base inside, glabrous or with a few hairs at the apex outside; wings oblong-obovate, longer than the keel, dark mark at the base; keel 1.2–1.5 cm long, rounded, with a short incurved twisted beak.
    Fruits
    Pod shortly stipitate, 4.5–6.5 × 1.5–2 cm, broadly oblong-clavate, glabrous (in the Flora Zambesiaca area), c. 26–34-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 4 mm long, oblique-cordiform, with the narrow end strongly incurved, smooth or papillose around the hilum, iron-grey.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial, usually with several erect sparingly branched stems, up to 1–2·7 m. tall.
    Stem
    Stems hollow, ribbed, appressed pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-folio-late; leaflets linear-lanceolate, oblanceolate-elliptic, elliptic or obovate, up to 1·8–14 cm. long, (1·4–)2·5–6 cm. wide, glabrous above, thinly to densely appressed pubescent beneath; petiole shallow and broadly grooved, up to 2·5–4(–6) cm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules linear-lanceolate, up to 6–9 mm. long, deflexed.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes shortly and stoutly pedunculate, up to 20–50 cm. long, with many fairly closely arranged flowers; bracts linear-lanceolate, caudate, up to 8–11 mm. long; bracteoles inserted on the upper half of the pedicel, filiform, 2–5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 9–12 mm. long, with the tube protracted on the lower side, subglabrous to appressed pubescent; lobes triangular, ± as long as the tube or a little longer.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, yellow, veined and suffused with maroon or purple at the base inside, veined and sometimes diffused outside, glabrous or with a few hairs at the apex outside; wings oblong-obovate, longer than the keel, dark marked at the base; keel rounded about the middle, with a short incurved twisted beak, 12–15 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod shortly stipitate, broadly oblong-clavate, up to 52–60 mm. long, 18–20 mm. across, glabrous (occasionally hairy in Ethiopia), ± 26–34-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, with the narrow end strongly incurved, ± 4 mm. long, smooth or papillose around the hilum, iron-grey.
    Habitat
    Grassland, sometimes extending into bushland and to forest margins and, particularly at lower altitudes, to marshy places, also persisting on cultivated ground; 850–2550 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 U3 U4 widespread from Eritrea west to Nigeria and south to Angola and the Transvaal
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Erect herb or undershrub, 3–6 ft. high, with ribbed stems
    Indumentum
    Shortly brownish-pubescent
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow, strongly brown-purple veined.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria recta Steud. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1974 Schimper [1894] K000412728
    Milne-Redhead, E. [4516], Zambia 9247.000
    Lely, H.V. [378], Nigeria K000412868
    Brunt, M.A. [543], Cameroon K000093024
    Brunt, M.A. [675], Cameroon K000093026
    Brunt, M.A. [581], Cameroon K000093027
    Ujor, E.U. [30440], Cameroon K000087263
    Daramola, B. O. [FHI 41077], Cameroon K000087262

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 152 (1847)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Wilczek in Fl. Congo Belge 4: 153, t. 9.
    • Bak. f. in J. Linn. Soc. 42: 352
    • —F.T.A. 2: 40
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 147 (1962).
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 56 (1962).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 550 (1958).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 153, t. 9 (1953).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 188 (1952).
    • Verdoorn in Fl. Pl. Afr., t. 1104 (1951).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 416 (1949).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 1: 276 (1948).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 393 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 352 (1914).
    • Taub. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 207 (1895).
    • Engl., HochgebirgsfL Trop. Afr.: 247 (1892).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 40 (1871).
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 152 (1847).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0