1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria rhizoclada Polhill

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Kenya to N. Tanzania.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Afromontane grassland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial with mostly decumbent or prostrate radiating stems up to 4 dm. long, well branched and with new shoots arising underground from adventitious buds on the root-like stock.
    Stem
    Stems rather densely appressed puberu-lous, with short rigid white hairs, ultimately glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate or occasionally obovate, ± 5–13 (–20) mm. long, 1·5–6 mm. wide, glabrous above, appressed puberulous beneath; petiole ± 3–7 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules filiform, up to 1 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes relatively long-pedunculate, up to 2–5(–9) cm. long, usually with few laxly arranged flowers towards the top or practically subumbelliform; bracts linear-lanceolate, up to 1·5(–2·5) mm. long; bracteoles inserted on the pedicel, very small.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3·5–5 mm. long, with the tube protracted on the lower side, appressed puberulous; upper lobes triangular, longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate-orbicular, yellow, veined purplish and puberulous along the midvein outside; wings almost as long as the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower half, with a narrow twisted beak, 7–9 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod oblong-clavate, narrowed basally to the very short stipe, ± 8–14(–24) mm. long, 3–5 mm. across, rather densely appressed puberulous, ± 10–16-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 1·5 mm. long, rugulose, brown.
    Figures
    Fig. 132, p. 963.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland, rarely extending into deciduous bushland, often on volcanic soils, also persisting on roadsides and cultivated ground; 1200–2500 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K6 T1 T2 not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Tanzania

    Crotalaria rhizoclada Polhill appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1965 Milne-Redhead, E [7158], Tanzania K000412663 paratype
    Milne-Redhead, E [7158], Tanzania K000412664 holotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 22: 317 (1968)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 317, fig. 33 (1968).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0