1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria rhodesiae Baker f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Northern Prov.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Prostrate perennial, with many well-branched radiating stems up to 6 dm. long.
    Stem
    Stems angular, thinly appressed puberulous.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly well spaced, 3–foliolate; leaflets oblanceolate, oblanceolate-elliptic or obovate, up to 15–32 mm. long, 6–15 mm. wide, glabrous above, appressed puberulous beneath; petiole up to 5–15 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules shortly stalked, linear to lanceolate-falcate, up to 5–8 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide, acuminate, markedly unequal-sided.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes lax, up to 7 cm. long, ± 3–8-flowered; bracts subulate or filiform, up to 3 mm. long, caducous; bracteoles inserted on the short ascending pedicel, filiform, up to 2–3 mm. long, caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 8–11 (–13) mm. long, appressed puberulous; upper lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, yellow, often tinged reddish outside, fading orange, glabrous outside; wings broadly oblong, longer than the keel; keel abruptly rounded, tapered gradually into a very blunt straight untwisted beak, 11–13 mm. long, densely white lanate-pubescent on the lateral surfaces towards the upper margin.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, cylindrical, 20–27 mm. long, 8–10 mm. across, subglabrous, sometimes with a few scattered hairs or pubescent along the upper side, 16–22-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong-reniform, 3–3·5 mm. long, with a small white aril much shorter than the hilar sinus, finely granulate or smooth, bright orange or red, rarely pale yellow.
    Habitat
    Grassland, also persisting on roadsides; 1500–1650 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T7 Zambia and Rhodesia to the Transvaal
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland, Zambezian bushland and thicket, Zambezian grassland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Prostrate perennial, with many well branched puberulous radiating stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly well spaced, 3-foliolate; leaflets (1)1.5–3.2 × (0.4)0.6–1.5 cm, oblanceolate, oblanceolate-elliptic or obovate, appressed puberulous beneath; petiole shorter than leaflets; stipules (3)5–10 mm long, shortly stalked, linear to lanceolate-falcate, acuminate, markedly unequal-sided.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes up to 7 cm long, laxly 3–8-flowered; bracts up to 3 mm long, subulate or filiform, caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 8–11(13) mm long, appressed puberulous; lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard subcircular, yellow, often reddish tinged outside, fading orange, glabrous outside; wings broadly oblong, exceeding the keel; keel 11–13 mm long, abruptly rounded in the lower half, tapered gradually into a short straight blunt beak, lanate towards upper edge.
    Fruits
    Pod 20–27 × 8–10 mm, subsessile, cylindrical, with scattered hairs or pubescent only along upper side, 16–22-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 3–3.5 mm long, oblong-reniform, with a small aril, finely granulate or smooth, orange, red or rarely pale yellow.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Malawi, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria rhodesiae Baker f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Eyles, F. [2161], Zimbabwe K000227452 holotype
    Bidgood, S. [5397], Tanzania K000190627
    Bidgood, S. [5604], Tanzania K000468820
    Rogers, F.A. [8214], Zambia K000227450 Unknown type material
    Rogers, F.A. [8214], Zambia K000227449 Unknown type material

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 42: 401 (1914)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 248 (1953).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 381 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 401 (1914).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0