1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria saltiana Andrews

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Tropical Africa to Kenya, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Bushy short-lived perennial, up to 7 dm. tall.
    Stem
    Stem densely covered with short fine white appressed or slightly spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets narrowly elliptic to obovate, up to 45 mm. long, 10–24 mm. wide, glabrous to thinly pubescent above, appressed pubescent beneath; petiole ± 20–40 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes up to 17–30 cm. long, with usually numerous fairly closely arranged flowers towards the top, lax below; bracts linear, up to 3 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, oblong-triangular to ovate, up to 1·5–3 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx abruptly contracted at the base, 4·5–6 mm. long, pubescent; lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, longer than the tube, becoming reflexed.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, yellow, glabrous or puberulous along the midvein outside; wings a little shorter to a little longer than the keel; keel rounded about the middle, with an incurved untwisted beak, up to 10–12 mm. long, conspicuously ciliolate along the upper margin towards the base.
    Fruits
    Pod practically sessile, oblong-falcate, narrowed to either end, but rather abruptly at the base, slightly curved, up to 18–20 mm. long, 4·5–5·5 mm. across, densely and shortly subappressed or rather crisped pubescent outside, somewhat glabrescent, densely packed with long hairs inside, ± 8–12-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds triangular-cordiform, ± 2·5–3 mm. long, rugulose, dark brown.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland and semi-desert scrub, in sandy and rocky places; 350– 600m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sahel regional transition zone; grassland, Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Somalia-Masai grasslands
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

    Introduced into:

    Bangladesh, Leeward Is., Malaya, Puerto Rico, Samoa

    Crotalaria saltiana Andrews appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kotschy [41], Sudan K000412685

    First published in Bot. Repos. 10: t. 648 (1811)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Christopherson, E. (1935). Flowering Plants of Samoa Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 128: 1-221.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 255 (1968).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 184, fig. 77 (1952).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 309, t. 12/B (1914).
    • Andr., Bot. Rep., t. 648 (1812).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0