1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria scassellatii Chiov.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Somalia to Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Shrubby short-lived perennial, up to 1–2·5 m. tall.
    Branches
    Branches densely white appressed puberulous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets elliptic to elliptic-obovate, up to 4–8 cm. long, 2·3–4·4 cm. wide, glabrous above, usually rather densely appressed silvery pubescent beneath; petiole ± 4–13·5 cm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules minute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, shortly racemose or subfasciculate, ± 2–6-flowered; bracts filiform, up to 1·5 mm. long; bracteoles inserted on the pedicel, filiform, less than 1 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 12–15(–18) mm. long, slightly protracted on the lower side, appressed puberulous; upper lobes narrow, much longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, bright yellow, turning reddish-brown with age, puberulous along the midvein outside; wings ± as long as the keel; keel rather abruptly rounded below the middle, with a well-developed twisted beak, 17–20 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod markedly inflated, broadly ellipsoid-clavate, narrowed rather abruptly into the short stipe, up to 55–65 mm. long, 20–26 mm. in dorsiventral diameter, puberulous, ± 16-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds subreniform, 6–8 mm. long, smooth, brown or pale yellowish.
    Habitat
    Forest margins, deciduous bushland and grassland, particularly on rocky outcrops, apparently occupying drier regions than C. axillaris; 0–1750 m.
    Distribution
    K4 K5 K6 K7
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; bushland and thicket., Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Somalia-Masai grasslands
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Somalia

    Crotalaria scassellatii Chiov. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 1964 Drummond, R.B. [4148], Kenya K000412655
    Jun 1, 1964 Drummond, R.B. [4148], Kenya K000412654 holotype

    First published in Ann. Bot. (Rome) 13: 378 (1915)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 239 (1955).
    • Chiov. in Ann. Bot. Roma 13: 378 (1915).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0