1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria senegalensis (Pers.) Bacle ex DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Verde, Tropical & S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian wooded grassland, Sahel regional transition zone; grassland, Sahel regional transition zone - wooded grassland., Zambezian grassland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Annual, erect and spreading, (0.2)0.3–1 m tall; branches appressed or subappressed pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 2–6.5 × 0.6–2.5 cm, mostly elliptic-oblong, varying from lanceolate to elliptic, appressed pubescent beneath; petiole 1.5–5 cm long; stipules 1–3 mm long, linear-subulate.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes mostly 12–45 cm long, laxly (10)16–40-flowered; buds ascending; bracts 1–3.5 mm long, linear-subulate to linear-lanceolate; bracteoles on the calyx, 1–3 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx (5)6–7(8) mm long, appressed pubescent; upper lobes oblong, abruptly contracted to an excentric apiculate tip, valvate, lanate along the margin inside.
    Corolla
    Standard bright yellow, often finely lined and ageing reddish, broadly elliptic to oblate, pubescent outside; wings obovate-oblong, nearly as long as the keel; keel (7)9–13(15) mm long, angular, with a narrow twisted beak, lanate along the upper suture.
    Fruits
    Pod shortly stipitate, 1–1.7 × 0.5–0.7(0.8) cm, oblong-ellipsoid, pubescent, 6–16-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2.5–3 mm long, oblique-cordiform, yellowish to brown, sometimes mottled darker.
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Suberect or prostrate, half-woody, 1–2 ft. high
    Indumentum
    Shortly pale-pubescent
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow turning orange
    Ecology
    In dry fields.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    India

    Crotalaria senegalensis (Pers.) Bacle ex DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1974 Schimper [772] K000412729 isosyntype
    Jan 1, 1974 Schimper [519] K000412730 isosyntype
    Apr 1, 1965 Whyte, A. [64], Malawi K000227373 Unknown type material
    Kotschy [24], Sudan K000412731
    Roger [s.n.], Senegal K000412872
    Bent, J.T. [s.n.], Sudan K000412732

    First published in Prodr. 2: 133 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Bak. f. in J. Linn. Soc. 42: 337.
    • —F.T.A. 2: 31
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0