1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria serengetiana Polhill

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect or spreading annual or short-lived perennial, up to 5 dm. tall, the lower branches often becoming long and prostrate or decumbent.
    Stem
    Stem pilose with fine silvery-grey spreading hairs, ultimately glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, up to 28–40 mm. long, 8–12 mm. wide, bluntly pointed or rounded at the apex, narrowed to the base, rather densely pilose on both surfaces; petiole up to 20–40 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules filiform, up to 8–12 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes lax, up to 13 cm. long, ± 7–12-flowered; bracts subulate or filiform, 3–8 mm. long; bracteoles curved-ascending from just below the calyx, linear, 3–5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 10–13 mm. long, densely spreading pilose; upper lobes narrowly oblong, 3–4 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard obovate, dull yellow-green, becoming strongly suffused with blue inside, densely pubescent outside; wings oblong, as long as the keel; keel subangular in the lower half, with a straight un-twisted beak, 11–14 mm. long, yellow-green or suffused with blue towards the tip, conspicuously lanate-pubescent along the upper margin proximal to the beak.
    Fruits
    Pod shortly stipitate, ellipsoid-clavate, ± 25–32 mm. long, 8–10 mm. across, uniformly rather densely spreading pilose, ± 24-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 2·5–3·5 mm. long, obscurely rugulose, with the raised areas concentric towards the margin, radial towards the hilum
    Habitat
    Grassland; 1500–1700 m.
    Distribution
    K6 T1 T2 not known elsewhere
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai grasslands
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Tanzania

    Crotalaria serengetiana Polhill appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 1969 Lind [3091], Kenya K000058438

    First published in Kew Bull. 22: 219 (1968)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 219 (1968).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0