1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria somalensis Chiov.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Ethiopia, N. Kenya.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Somalia-Masai grasslands
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial, erect and up to 1 m. tall or sometimes with the branches almost prostrate.
    Stem
    Stem openly branched, shortly appressed hairy, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3(–5)-foliolate; leaflets oblanceolate-elliptic to obovate, up to 24–38 mm. long, 10–24 mm. wide, appressed puberulous on both surfaces; petiole 16–34(–40) mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules small or absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes rather lax, up to 15–27 cm. long, many-flowered; bracts filiform, up to 1–1·5 mm. long, caducous before the flowers open; bracteoles inserted towards the top of the pedicel or at the base of the calyx, minute, caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx abruptly contracted at the base, 4–5 mm. long, subglabrous to appressed puberulous; lobes subtriangular, ± as long as the tube or longer, sometimes becoming reflexed.
    Corolla
    Standard ovate-orbicular, yellow, veined green, glabrous outside; wings ± as long as the keel or shorter, yellow turning reddish; keel rounded about the middle, with a slightly incurved untwisted beak, 11–12 mm. long, conspicuously ciliate along the upper margin.
    Fruits
    Pod oblong-ellipsoid to oblong-fusiform, slightly compressed laterally, beaked, narrowed into the 3–4 mm. long stipe, 12–24 mm. long, 4·5–6 mm. across, appressed puberulous outside, sometimes glabrescent, glabrous or with small scattered hairs inside, ± 6–8-seeded; style-base persistent as a conspicuous beak.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 2 mm. long, papillose, brown.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Somalia

    Crotalaria somalensis Chiov. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1977 Gilbert, M.G. [1220], Kenya K000627414
    Jan 1, 1965 Simmons [2], Ethiopia K000627406
    Gillett, J.B. [20520], Kenya K000627415
    Gillett, J.B. [20520], Kenya K000627416
    Bally, P.R.O. [14510], Kenya K000627411
    Brenan, J.P.M. [14829], Kenya K000627407
    Mungai, G.M. [157], Kenya K000627417
    Paoli, G. [621], Somalia K000627403

    First published in Res. Sci. Somalia Ital. 1: 62 (1916)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 256 (1968).
    • Chiov., Result. Sci. Miss. Stef.-Paoli Somal. Ital. 1: 62 (1916).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0