1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria sparsifolia Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect annual, up to 4·5 dm. tall, with numerous slender ascending branches.
    Stem
    Stem densely subappressed silvery pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly 3-foliolate, but the upper ones 1-foliolate; leaflets linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate, up to 13 mm. long, 1–4 mm. wide, acute or obtuse, often with small scattered hairs above, appressed pubescent or pilose beneath; petiole up to 7 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes lax, up to 8–15 cm. long, many-flowered, often with other flowers clustered in the axils below; bracts filiform or subulate, 1–3 mm. long; bracteoles usually inconspicuous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–3·5 mm. long, with the tube protracted on the lower side, densely silky pubescent; upper lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic-obovate, pale yellow, with reddish marks at the base inside and reddish-brown or purplish veining outside, silky pubescent to tomentellous outside; wings much shorter than the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower third, with a narrow twisted beak, 5–6 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, ovoid-ellipsoid, ± 5 mm. long, appressed pubescent, ± 3–6-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds orbicular-cordiform, up to 2 mm. long, without a prominent aril, smooth, brown.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland and derived scrub, often in sandy places; 900–1700 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T7 T8
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect annual 10–50 cm tall, developing numerous slender ascending branches; stem densely silvery appressed pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves sometimes small or deciduous at flowering time, mostly 3-foliolate, upper ones usually 1-foliolate; leaflets 4–15 × 0.5–4 mm, linear-oblanceolate to oblanceolate, glabrous to sparsely pubescent above, subdensely appressed pubescent beneath; petiole 1–8 mm long; stipules 0.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes 3–12 cm long, very laxly 6–12-flowered, with other flowers developing in the axils below; bracts 1–2 mm long, linear-subulate; pedicel 1–2.5 mm long, generally with small setaceous bracteoles.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–4 mm long, densely appressed pubescent to tomentellous; upper lobes triangular-acuminate, 1.5–2.5 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic-obovate, pale yellow, with deeper yellow red-fringed marks at the base inside, reddish lined and pubescent to tomentellous outside; wings a little shorter than the keel; keel (4)5–6 mm long, angular, with a narrow twisted beak slightly incurved at the tip.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, 4–5 × 3–4 mm, ovoid-globose, densely pubescent, 3–6-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1.5–2 mm across, oblique-cordiform, smooth.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria sparsifolia Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Whyte, A. [133], Malawi K000227437 Unknown type material
    Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000227438

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1897: 249 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 244 (1953).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 401 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 304 (1914).
    • Bak. in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1897: 249 (1897).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0