1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria spartea R.Br. ex Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Zambezian grassland, Afromontane grassland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect or straggling annual, up to 1 m. tall, with well-spaced wide-angled ascending branches.
    Stem
    Stem sparsely appressed pubescent, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves very shortly petiolate, simple; blades mostly linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, up to 62–125 mm. long and 5–8 mm. wide, the lower ones sometimes elliptic, up to 35 mm. long and 11 mm. wide, glabrous above, sparsely appressed puberulous beneath; petiole 1–2 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules linear, 1–2·5 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes up to 10–28 cm. long, with ± 10–16(–22) laxly arranged flowers; bracts filiform, 1–2 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, subulate, up to 1–2 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–4 mm. long, sparsely appressed puberulous; lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, ± as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic or obovate-elliptic, bright yellow, with reddish veins and glabrous outside; wings much shorter than the keel; keel shallowly curved just below the middle, with an acute only slightly incurved narrow untwisted beak, 7–9 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod practically sessile, subcylindrical, slightly broadened towards the apex, 16–20 mm. long, 4–5 mm. across, glabrous except for a few hairs along the upper side, green mottled dull purple before maturity, ± 24-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 2 mm. long, blue-green, smooth.
    Figures
    Fig. 129, p. 938.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland, descending to lower altitudes particularly in valley grassland of Brachystegia woodland, also persisting on roadsides and cultivated ground; 900–2050 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T7 T8 Malawi, Zambia and Congo south to Angola and the Transvaal
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect or straggling annual 0.2–1.3 m tall; branches well spaced, curved-ascending, sparsely appressed puberulous, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves very shortly stalked, simple; blades (40)60–130 × (3)5–8(15) mm, mostly linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, the lower sometimes shorter and ± elliptic, sparsely appressed puberulous beneath; stipules 1–2.5 mm long, filiform to subulate-caudate.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes laxly 10–16(24)-flowered; bracts 1–2 mm long, ± filiform; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, similar.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–4 mm long, sparsely appressed puberulous; lobes acuminately triangular, ± as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic to obovate-elliptic, bright yellow, reddish-brown veined outside; wings much shorter than the keel; keel 7–9 mm long, shallowly curved just below the middle, with a narrow sharply pointed only slightly incurved beak.
    Fruits
    Pod practically sessile, 16–25 × 4–5 mm, subcylindrical, slightly broadened upwards, glabrous except for a few hairs along the upper suture, green mottled dull purple before maturity, 20–32-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1.5–2 mm long, oblique-cordiform, blue-green, smooth.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria spartea R.Br. ex Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1976 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8477], Cameroon K000087260
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9394], Tanzania 9248.000
    Welwitsch [1948], Angola K000412608
    Harris, T. [273], Mozambique K000613348

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 12 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 29 (1962).
    • Hepper in Kew Bulletin 11: 115 (1956).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 91 (1953).
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 416 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 262 (1914), pro parte.
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 12 (1871), pro parte.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0