1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria stolzii (Baker f.) Milne-Redh. ex Polhill

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Tropical Africa.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane grassland, Afromontane(upland) bushland and thicket.
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Straggling slightly woody perennial herb, 1–3 m. tall, laxly branched.
    Branches
    Branches sparsely appressed puberulous, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets oblanceolate, up to 20–29 mm. long, 4–10 mm. wide, glabrous above, sparsely appressed puberulous beneath, with reticulate venation conspicuous on both surfaces; petiole up to 10–13 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules foliaceous, ovate, cordate, up to 15–22 mm. long, 6–12 mm. wide, subequal-sided, sub-glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes somewhat lax, up to 5–14 cm. long, ± 5–20-flowered; bracts spathulate, acuminate, up to 7 mm. long, early caducous; bracteoles inserted on the pedicel, filiform, up to 3 mm. long, caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 7–8 mm. long, appressed puberulous; upper lobes attenuately triangular, as long as to longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, bright yellow, glabrous outside; wings as long as the keel; keel somewhat angled about the middle, with an acute slightly incurved untwisted beak, 11–13 mm. long, shortly but conspicuously white ciliate-lanate along the upper margin.
    Fruits
    Pod shortly stipitate, subcylindrical, slightly compressed laterally, narrowed at either end, up to 16–18 mm. long, 5–8 mm. in dorsi-ventral diameter, glabrous, ± 6–8-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 2·5 mm. long, minutely punctate, greenish-brown.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland, often near forest margins and on stream banks; 1800–3000 m.
    Distribution
    K2 K3 K4 T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Straggling slightly woody herb ascending to 1–3 m, with lax spreading glabrescent branches.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets mostly 1.5–3 × 0.4–1 cm, oblanceolate, sparsely puberulous beneath; petiole shorter than leaflets; stipules leaf-like, (10)15–25 × 6–15 mm, ovate- or lanceolate-cordate, subequal-sided.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes sublaxly 12–20-flowered; bracts up to 7 mm long, spathulate, acuminate, early caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 7–8 mm long, appressed puberulous; lobes attenuately triangular, as long as to longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard subcircular, bright yellow, glabrous outside; wings as long as keel; keel 10–13 cm long, somewhat angled about the middle with a pointed slightly incurved beak, ciliate-lanate along upper edge.
    Fruits
    Pod mostly 16–18 × 5–8 mm, shortly stipitate, ± oblong, slightly compressed laterally, narrowed at either end, glabrous, mostly 6–8-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 2.5 mm long, oblique-cordiform, minutely punctate, greenish-brown.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria stolzii (Baker f.) Milne-Redh. ex Polhill appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Timberlake, J. [5150], Mozambique K000613530

    First published in Kew Bull. 22: 221 (1968)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 221 (1968).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0