1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria subspicata Polhill

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Tanzania to S. Malawi.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect annual to 30 cm, usually unbranched, spreading pilose.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate, uppermost sometimes 1-foliolate; leaflets 10–25 × 3–6 mm, oblong-oblanceolate to oblong-obovate, obtuse or rounded at the apex, sparsely pilose above, thinly so beneath; petiole 2–5 mm long; stipules 0.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes sessile, 3–10 cm long, dense, many-flowered, with other flowers in the axils below; bracts 5–10 mm long, narrowly lanceolate, attenuate at either end; bracteoles 0.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5 mm long, densely pilose; lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, 3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, pale yellow, pilose outside; wings nearly as long as the keel; keel 5–5.5 mm long, angular with a narrow twisted beak.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, 4–5 mm long, ovoid-globose, pilose, 4–6-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds rounded cordiform, 1.5 mm across, smooth, exarillate.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect annual, up to 3 dm. tall, often unbranched.
    Stem
    Stem slender, pilose with long very fine mostly spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly 3-foliolate, with the uppermost sometimes 1-foliolate; leaflets oblong-oblanceolate to oblong-obovate, up to 12–24 mm. long and 3–6 mm. wide, rounded at the apex, sparsely pilose on both surfaces; petiole up to 4–5 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes sessile, dense, up to 10 cm. long, usually many-flowered, with numerous other flowers clustered in the axils below; bracts narrowly lanceolate, attenuate at either end, up to 6–9 mm. long, as long as the flowers and fruits; bracteoles absent.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5 mm. long, with the tube protracted on the lower side, densely pilose with long fine slightly crimped mostly spreading hairs; upper lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, pale yellow, pilose outside; wings scarcely shorter than the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower third, with a narrow practically straight twisted beak, 5–5·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, subglobose-ovoid, ± 5 mm. long and 4 mm. across, pilose, 5–6-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds suborbicular-cordiform, up to 1·5 mm. long, without an aril, smooth, brownish or ochre.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland; 880–910 m.
    Distribution
    not known elsewhere T8
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Tanzania

    Crotalaria subspicata Polhill appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 1965 Milne-Redhead, E. [10359], Tanzania K000412674 holotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 22: 325 (1968)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 325, fig. 35/1–9 (1968).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0