1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria valida Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Tanzania to Zimbabwe.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Very similar to C.lachnocarpoides, but easily distinguished by the keel which is covered by a dense silky indumentum apart from the upper margin and the short beak, it is also more commonly suffrutescent, its uppermost leaves often 1-foliolate, the leaflets pointed to rounded at the apex and sometimes not densely hairy above, the racemes 4–20-flowered and the keel 1.4–1.8 cm long.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial with a woody rootstock and several erect unbranched stems or, under favourable conditions, a bushy herb, up to 1·3 m. tall, much branched above.
    Stem
    Stems terete or finely ribbed above, tomentose with fine mostly rather spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves rather shortly petiolate, mostly 3-foliolate, with the uppermost usually 1-foliolate; leaflets oblanceolate-oblong to oblong-elliptic, up to 62–85 mm. long, 23–30 mm. wide, with the lower ones often broader and shorter, glabrous to tomentose above, appressed pubescent or tomentose beneath, with the median and lateral veins prominent beneath; petiole up to 5–17 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules filiform, up to 5 mm. long, sometimes small and evanescent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes shortly pedunculate, up to 10–17 cm. long, with 3–20 laxly or closely arranged flowers; bracts linear-subulate, up to 10 mm. long, persistent; bracteoles inserted on the upper part of the pedicel, filiform, up to 3·5–5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 14–18 mm. long, velvety or silky tomentose; lobes narrowly triangular, 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, bright deep yellow, uniformly silky pubescent outside; wings as long as the keel; keel semiorbicular, with a short blunt slightly incurved untwisted beak, 16–18 mm. long, with the lateral surfaces uniformly silky pilose except along the upper edge and on the beak.
    Fruits
    Pod subsessile, shortly and broadly cylindrical, up to 25 mm. long, 15 mm. across, long spreading tomentose, ± 10–22-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds obliquely oblong-cordiform, ± 4 mm. long, with a very small aril, smooth, ochre.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland and upland grassland; 900–2400 m.
    Distribution
    T5 T7 T8
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane grassland, Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria valida Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 1969 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000227459 lectotype
    Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000227460

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1897: 253 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 231 (1968).
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 152 (1953).
    • Bak. in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1897: 253 (1897), pro parte, excl. specim. Whyte 373.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0