1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria vandenbrandii R.Wilczek

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Tanzania to NE. Zambia.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane grassland, Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Erect annual 20–50 cm tall, developing ascending branches, densely long-pilose, the hairs 1–2 mm long, twisted when dried.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate, uppermost occasionally 1-foliolate; leaflets 8–20 × 2–6 mm, oblong-oblanceolate, pointed, thinly pilose on both surfaces; petiole 1.5–6 mm long; stipules 0.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes sessile, 3–15 cm long, densely many-flowered, with other flowers developing in the axils below; bracts leaf-like, linear-lanceolate, 4–8 mm long, as long as the flowers and fruits; bracteoles 0.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5 mm long, pilose; lobes attenuate-triangular, 3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic to oblong-obovate, pale yellow, densely pilose outside; wings nearly as long as the keel; keel 6–7 mm long, angular, with a narrow ± straight twisted beak.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, 4–6 mm long, globose-ellipsoid, densely pilose, 2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1.5–2 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth, with a distinct aril.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect annual, up to 5 dm. tall, ultimately with a number of ascending or rather spreading branches, particularly from near the base.
    Stem
    Stem densely pilose with long very fine mostly spreading slightly crimped silvery or tawny hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets oblong-oblanceolate to oblanceolate-elliptic, up to 15–20 mm. long and 3–6 mm. wide, acute, thinly long-pilose on both surfaces; petiole ± 3–6 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes sessile, dense, up to 15 cm. long, many-flowered, with other flowers clustered in many of the axils below; bracts linear-lanceolate, attenuate at either end, 4–6(–8) mm. long, ± as long as the flowers and fruits; bracteoles obscure or absent.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5 mm. long, with the tube protracted on the lower side, densely long pilose; upper lobes very narrowly attenuate-triangular, 2–3 times as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard elliptic, pale yellow, uniformly pilose outside; wings scarcely shorter than the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower third, with a narrow practically straight twisted beak, up to 6–7 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, subglobose, 4–6 mm. long, pilose, 2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ± 2 mm. long, with a small white aril, smooth, brown.
    Habitat
    Rocky hillsides and sandy roadsides in general areas of Brachystegia woodland; 1500–1650 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T7

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

    Crotalaria vandenbrandii R.Wilczek appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bidgood, S. [5331], Tanzania K000190561

    First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 23: 184 (1953)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wilczek in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 23: 184 (1953)
    • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 4: 212 (1953).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0