1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria varicosa Polhill

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Insufficiently known
    Ecology
    Africa: Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Prennial, with numerous radiating prostrate well-branched pilose stems up to 6–7·5 dm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets narrowly to broadly elliptic or obovate, up to 16–34 mm. long, 8–14 mm. wide, subglabrous above, usually rather thinly appressed pilose beneath; petiole 12–30(–43) mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules linear-subulate, 2–4 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes subumbelli-form, usually longer than the opposed leaf, 2–6(–12) cm. long, ± 4–8-flowered; bracts linear-subulate, up to 1·5 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the top of the pedicel, filiform, up to 1·5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx shorter than the keel, 3·5–5·5 mm. long, usually rather sparsely hairy; lobes narrowly deltoid, shorter to a little longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, yellow, glabrous outside; wings rather shorter than the keel; keel bent at right-angles in the lower third, with a long tapered untwisted beak, 5·5–7 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod practically sessile, subglobose to shortly ellipsoid, depressed, 8–11 mm. long, 7–8 mm. across, 5–6 mm. in dorsiventral diameter, thick-walled and tardily dehiscent, with the vein-network markedly raised, rather sparsely pubescent, ± 8–12-seeded.
    Seeds
    Mature seeds unknown.
    Habitat
    Grassland on sandy soils, persisting in pastures and on cultivated ground; 1140–1170 m.
    Distribution
    T1 not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Crotalaria varicosa Polhill appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 1964 Davis, R.L. [284], Tanzania K000412778 holotype
    Dec 1, 1964 Davis, R.L. [284], Tanzania K000412779 holotype
    Dec 1, 1964 Bay, R.D. [133], Tanzania K001091367

    First published in Kew Bull. 22: 243 (1968)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 243, fig. 12/6, 7 (1968).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0