1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria variifolia Polhill

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial with several erect stems, up to 4·5–8·5 dm. tall.
    Stem
    Stem simple or shortly branched above, somewhat 4-angled and conspicuously ribbed, appressed puberulous.
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly petiolate, 1-foliolate; leaflets varying markedly in shape up the stem, the basal ones elliptic-oblong and small, the middle ones elliptic or elliptic-oblong, ± 54–75 mm. long, 17–22 mm.wide, and with the upper ones narrowly lanceolate, 60–110 mm. long, 3–8 mm. wide, glabrous above, appressed puberulous beneath; petiole ± 4–13 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules absent.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes lax, up to 10–22 cm. long, ± 6–20-flowered; bracts linear-lanceolate, up to 8 mm. long, caducous, or the lower ones often large and foliaceous, with a stalk up to 7 mm. long and a linear-lanceolate blade up to 36–74 mm. long, rather persistent; bracteoles towards the apex of the ascending pedicel, linear, up to 5 mm. long, caducous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 10–13 mm. long, appressed puberulous; lobes narrowly triangular, nearly twice as long as the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard sub-orbicular, yellow, turning brownish, glabrous outside; wings oblong-obovate, as long as the keel; keel abruptly rounded in the lower third, with a well-developed straight blunt untwisted beak, 17–20 mm. long, white lanate towards the upper margin.
    Fruits
    Young pod shortly stipitate, cylindrical, glabrous; mature pod and seeds unknown.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland, persisting on cultivated ground; 1500–2400 m.
    Distribution
    T7 not known elsewhere
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Insufficiently known
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane grassland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Crotalaria variifolia Polhill appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 1964 Harwood, A. [23], Tanzania K000412770 holotype
    [Wallich] [s.n.], Burma K000591096

    First published in Kew Bull. 22: 228 (1968)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Polhill in Kew Bulletin 22: 228, fig. 8 (1968).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0