1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Crotalaria L.
      1. Crotalaria vasculosa Wall. ex Benth.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Uganda to KwaZulu-Natal.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

    Habit
    Shortly erect annual, with long decumbent lower branches, hirsute with tawny spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly petiolate, 3-foliolate; leaflets very variable, 2.5–7.5(11.5) × 1–2.5 cm, linear-lanceolate to elliptic or obovate, with those of the leading shoot often longer and narrower, conspicuously pilose on both surfaces; stipules up to 3–4 mm long, filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes mostly terminal, shortly pedunculate, up to 3–17 cm long, densely many-flowered; bracts up to 4 mm long, filiform; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, similar.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3–4.5 mm long, becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, subglabrous except for scattered bristly hairs along the lobe margins; lobes acuminately triangular, a little longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard subcircular, pale yellow, purplish veined; wings usually shorter than the keel; keel 6.5–8.5 mm long, rounded about the middle, with a sharp slightly projecting beak.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, 1.6–1.8(2) cm long, subcylindrical, somewhat pointed, densely covered with long brown spreading hairs over a furry tomentum, c. 20-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 2.5 mm long, oblique-cordiform, smooth, pale greenish-buff, mottled greyish-mauve.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Annual, with a shortly erect stem, up to 7·5(–9) dm. tall, and long decumbent lower branches.
    Stem
    Stem hirsute with spreading hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets very variable, linear-lanceolate to elliptic or obovate, with those of the leading shoot often longer and narrower, 25–75(–115) mm. long, 12–21 mm. wide, conspicuously pilose on both surfaces; petiole up to 7 mm. long.
    Stipules
    Stipules filiform, up to 3–4 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes shortly pedunculate, up to 3–17 cm. long, with many crowded flowers; bracts filiform, up to 4 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, similar to the bract.
    Calyx
    Calyx becoming basally truncate and deflexed against the pedicel, 3–4·5 mm. long, subglabrous except for scattered bristly hairs along the lobe-margins; lobes acuminately triangular, a little longer than the tube.
    Corolla
    Standard suborbicular, pale yellow, purplish veined, glabrous outside; wings usually shorter than the keel; keel rounded about the middle, with a sharp slightly projecting untwisted beak, 6·5–8·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pod sessile, subcylindrical, somewhat pointed, 16–18(–20) mm. long, densely covered with long brown spreading hairs over a furry tomentum, ± 20-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblique-cordiform, ±2·5 mm. long, smooth, pale greenish-buff, mottled greyish-mauve.
    Habitat
    Grassland and Brachystegia woodland, often on sandy soil, also persisting on roadsides and cultivated ground; 0–1650 m.
    Distribution
    K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 T8 U4 Z
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian wooded grassland, Zambezian grassland, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Tongaland-Pondoland regional transition zone - grassland., Lake Victoria regional mosaic; wooded grassland, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional trans
    Habit
    Annual, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Crotalaria vasculosa Wall. ex Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 6, 1932 Maitland, T.D. [66], Uganda K000412628 Unknown type material
    Griffith [s.n.] K000412629 Unknown type material
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [931], Tanzania K000412630 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5427] K001120875

    First published in London J. Bot. 2: 584 (1843)

    Accepted by

    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdoorn in Bothalia 2: 395 (1928).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 42: 279 (1914).
    • Benth. in Hook., Lond. Journ. Bot. 2: 584 (1843).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam 389pp Crotalaria in Africa & Madagasca
    • Polhill, R. M. (1982). Crotalaria in Africa and Madagascar Balkema, Rotterdam
    • Baker, J. G. (1877). Flora of Mauritius and the Seychelles

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0