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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Dichrostachys (A.DC.) Wight & Arn.
      1. Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India, Sri Lanka.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, J.P.M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 3:1. 1970

    Note
    A very variable and taxonomically complex species, widespread in Africa and Asia, reaching Australia.
    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 1-8(12) m. high, sometimes suckering and thicket-forming or (fide Greenway) even scandent, with rough bark and armed with spines terminating short lateral spreading twigs which often bear leaves and flowers; young branchlets usually ± pubescent, sometimes puberulous or even glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves with (2)5-19(21 fide F.C.B.) pairs of pinnae; rhachis (with petiole) 0·5-20 cm. long, with one stalked or occasionally sessile gland between each pair, or at least the distal and basal pairs, of pinnae; leaflets 9-41 pairs, 1-11(14) x 0·3-4(5·5) mm., linear to oblong.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences yellow in apical hermaphrodite part, mauve or pink or sometimes white in lower neuter part, 2-5 cm. long, pendent on solitary or apparently fascicled peduncles 1-9 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0·6-1·25 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla 1·5-3 mm. long.
    Androecium
    Stamen-filaments of hermaphrodite flowers 3·25-3·5 mm. long; staminodes 4-17 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pods 2-10 x 0·5-2·6 cm.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4-6 x 3-4·5 mm., deep-brown, glossy.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 1–8(–12) m. high, sometimes suckering and thicket-forming or (fide Greenway) even scandent, with rough bark and armed with spines terminating short lateral spreading twigs which often bear leaves and flowers.
    Branches
    Young branchlets ± pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves with (2–)5–19(–21 fide F.C.B.) pairs of pinnae; rhachis (with petiole) 0.5–20 cm. long, with one stalked gland between each pair of pinnae; leaflets 9–41 pairs, 1–11 (–14) mm. long, 0.3–4(–5.5) mm. wide, linear to oblong.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences yellow in apical hermaphrodite part, mauve, pink or sometimes white in lower neuter part, 2–5 cm. long, pendent on solitary or apparently fascicled peduncles 1–9 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.6–1.25 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla 1.5–3 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments of hermaphrodite flowers 3.25–3.5 mm. long; staminodes 4–17 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pods 2–10 cm. long, 0.5–2(–2–5 fide F.C.B.) cm. wide.
    Seeds
    Seeds 4–6 mm. long, 3–4.5 mm. wide, deep brown, glossy.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian bushland and thicket, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; bushland and thicket., Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Zambezian woodland, Sudanian wooded grassland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    Vernacular
    Acacia Saint Dominique, Aroma, Marabu
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Domestic, Environmental, Forage, Medicine, Weed, Wood

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    India, Sri Lanka

    Introduced into:

    Bangladesh, Florida, Mauritius, Réunion

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1983 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8547], Cameroon K000092983
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5231], Myanmar Acacia cinerea K001120219
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5231], India Acacia cinerea K001120214
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5231] Acacia cinerea K001120215
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5231] Acacia cinerea K001120216
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5231] Acacia cinerea K001120217
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5231] Acacia cinerea K001120218
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5231] Acacia cinerea K001120220
    Sebastine, K.M. [13612], India Dichrostachys santapaui K000791052 isotype
    Sebastine, K.M. [13612], India Dichrostachys santapaui K000791053

    Bibliography

    First published in Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient.: 271 (1834)

    Accepted by

    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Or.: 271 (1834).

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Nielsen, I. C. (1992). Flora Malesiana, Series I Vol II Part I Mimosaceae.
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
    • Howard, R. A. et al. (1988). Dicotyledoneae Part 1. Fl. Lesser Antilles Arnold Arboretum
    • Nielsen, I. (1985). Flora of Thailand, Vol 4 Part 2. Mimosaceae. In: T. Smithinans
    • Kostermans, A. J. G. H. (1980). Mimosaceae. In Flora of Ceylon, Vol. 1. M. D. Dassanayalu....
    • Drummond & Coates Palgrave (1973). Common Trees of the Highveld
    • Brenan, J. P. M. (1959). Mimosoideae. In: Fl. Trop. East Africa. Hubbard & Milne-Redhead
    • Keay, R. W. J. (1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ed. 2;Vol. 1, part 2
    • Leon, H. & Alain, H. (1951). Flora de Cuba 2:224-367 Leguminosas
    • Dalziel, J. M. (1937). The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/