1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Guibourtia Benn.
      1. Guibourtia coleosperma (Benth.) J.Léonard

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. DR Congo to N. Namibia.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
    Vernacular
    Rhodesian Mahogany
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

    Fruits
    Pod 2.5–3.5 × 1.6–2.2 cm, asymmetrically elliptic, flattened, glabrous, the wall wrinkled and with numerous resin-filled vesicles, 1-seeded, tardily dehiscent.
    Seeds
    Seed dark brown, shiny, c.15 × 10 mm, broadly ellipsoidal, somewhat flattened; aril completely enclosing the seed, red when fresh, pale brown and brittle when dry.
    Germination
    Germination epigeal; cotyledons suborbicular to very broadly ovate, slightly asymmetric, 3–4-nerved from the base, glabrous.
    Seedling
    First true leaves similar to foliage leaves.
    Habit
    Tree to 30 m tall; bark grey, smooth, sometimes flaking.
    Branches
    Branchlets brown, smooth, becoming grey with fine longitudinal cracks and red-brown lenticels, or entirely red-brown, glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves paripinnate, unijugate; stipules 15 × 2 mm, very narrowly ovate, very early caducous; petiole 1.5–3 cm long, glabrous; leaflets 3.5–8 × 2.3–4.5 cm, ovate to elliptic, asymmetric, apex acuminate, base cuneate, glabrous; a single main vein from the base, dividing the blade in a ratio of 2–3:1, venation slightly prominent on both surfaces, areolae with small resin vesicles.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary and terminal, paniculate; axis angular, glabrous to very sparsely puberulous; bracts and bracteoles very early caducous, the bracts c.2 mm long, broadly ovate, pubescent, the bracteoles c.1.5 mm long, broadly ovate, pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers 7–8 mm long; pedicels 2–5 mm long, angled.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4(5), unequal, c.6 × 2–4 mm, ovate, glabrous outside, densely puberulous inside.
    Corolla
    Petals absent.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10; filaments c.7 mm long, glabrous; anthers dorsifixed.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2-ovulate, c.1 mm diameter, subcircular, glabrous; stipe very short, densely pubescent; style c.5 mm long, glabrous; stigma capitate, bilobed.
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Chemical products, Food and Drink, Medicine, Wood

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Namibia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    (Rhodesian) copalwood, African rosewood, Large False Mopane, Rhodesian teak

    Guibourtia coleosperma (Benth.) J.Léonard appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1949 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Zambia K000417926
    Kirk, J. [s.n.], Zambia K000417927
    Smith, P. [72], Botswana K000282565
    Smith, P. [325], Botswana K000282567
    Long, D.G. [640], Botswana K000282569
    Long, D.G. [690], Botswana K000282570
    Winter, B. de [9145], Namibia K000282574
    Rushworth, J.E. [1472], Zimbabwe K000282573
    Menezes, A. [1330], Angola K000282568
    Eren, J. [425], Zambia K000282566
    Hisupa, S.M.C. [SMC10], Zambia K000282571
    Hisupa, S.M.C. [SMC19], Zambia K000282572

    First published in Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 19: 403 (1949)

    Accepted by

    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Ross, J. H. (1982). Caesalpinoideae. In: Flora Southern Africa 16, pt. 1. Ross. J. H.
    • Watt, J. M. & Breyer-Brandwijk, M (1962). Medicinal & Poisonous Plants of Southern & Eastern Africa
    • White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia.
    • Robyns, W. (Ed.) (1952). Flore du Congo Belge, Vol. 3. Mimosoideae, Caesalpinoideae

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/