Skip to main content
  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Urochloa P.Beauv.
      1. Urochloa trichopodioides (Mez & K.Schum.) S.M.Phillips & S.L.Chen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Ethiopia to E. DR Congo.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms decumbent; 20-40 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous, or pubescent. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 5.5-10 cm long; 10-18 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins scabrous; glabrous, or ciliate; hairy at base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1-7; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 2-5 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 1-7 cm long. Rhachis wingless; angular; glabrous on surface, or with scattered hairs. Spikelet packing abaxial; irregular; 2-4 -rowed. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled. Pedicels bearing a few hairs.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; compressed moderately; plano-convex; acute; 3-4(-4.5) mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; compressed moderately; plano-convex; acute; 3-4(-4.5) mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; shiny. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; cartilaginous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; cartilaginous; 5 -veined; glabrous; acuminate. Fertile lemma orbicular; dorsally compressed; 2 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface reticulate. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse; mucronate. Principal lemma awn 0.4-0.6 mm long overall. Palea indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, northeast tropical, and east tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Urochloa trichopodioides (Mez & K.Schum.) S.M.Phillips & S.L.Chen appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2002 Holst, C. [2844], Tanzania K000281993 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in Novon 13: 470 (2003)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0