1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Mucuna Adans.
      1. Mucuna coriacea Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Uganda to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Climbing or trailing herb or liane 3–4.5 m long.
    Stem
    Stems densely to sparsely covered with appressed or spreading ferruginous hairs.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets usually rather thick, 3.5–9(11) × 3–7.5 cm, elliptic or obliquely ovate, rounded or slightly emarginate and mucronulate at the apex, rounded or slightly subcordate at the base, velvety with appressed whitish hairs or appressed pubescent on both surfaces; petiole 1.5–7 cm long; rhachis 0.4–2 cm long; petiolules 4–5 mm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 2–many-flowered; rhachis 0.3–14 cm long; peduncle 1.3–10 cm long; flowers 2–3 per node, on pedicels 4–10 mm long; bracts and bracteoles 7–10 × 1–3 mm, acute, deciduous.
    Calyx
    Calyx covered with appressed bristly golden hairs or with a finer ferruginous pubescence; tube 5–7.5(9) mm long; lobes 4–9(12) mm long, narrowly triangular, the upper lip acute.
    Corolla
    Standard pale maroon to purple or black, 2.5–3.5 cm long and wide, rounded-ovate, glabrous; wings deep maroon, 3.5–4 cm long, with a zone of golden hairs on the outside; keel deep maroon, sometimes whitish below, 3–4.8 cm long, the beak horny, blackish or brownish.
    Fruits
    Pods 5–7(8) × 1–1.5 cm, oblong, curved, densely covered with brownish very irritant bristles.
    Seeds
    Seeds pinkish-brown or buff with darker brown mottling, shiny, 8–9 × 7.5 × 3.5 mm, elliptic-oblong, compressed; hilum short with black rim aril and produced into a scale-like appendage.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian wooded grassland, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; wooded grassland, Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing, Herb/Shrub
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Climbing or trailing herb or liane 3–4·5 m. long.
    Stem
    Stems densely to sparsely covered with adpressed or spreading ferruginous hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaflets usually rather thick, elliptic or obliquely ovate, 3·5–9(–11) cm. long, 3–7·5 cm. wide, rounded or slightly emarginate and mucronulate at the apex, rounded or slightly subcordate at the base, velvety with adpressed whitish hairs or adpressed pubescent on both surfaces; petiole 1·5–7 cm. long; rhachis 0·4–2 cm. long; petiolules 4–5 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 2–many-flowered; rhachis 0·3–14 cm. long; peduncle 1·3–10 cm. long; flowers 2–3 per node, on pedicels 4–10 mm. long; bracts and bracteoles deciduous, 7–10 mm. long, 1–3 mm. wide, acute.
    Calyx
    Calyx covered with adpressed bristly golden hairs or with a finer ferruginous pubescence; tube 5–7·5(–9) mm. long; lobes narrowly triangular, 4–9(–12) mm. long, the upper lip acute.
    Corolla
    Standard pale maroon to purple or black, rounded-ovate, 2·5–3·5 cm. long and wide, glabrous; wings deep maroon, 3·5–4 cm. long, with a zone of golden hairs on the outside; keel deep maroon, sometimes whitish below, 3–4·8 cm. long, the beak horny, blackish or brownish.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong, curved, 5–7(–8) cm. long, 1–1·5 cm. wide, densely covered with brownish bristles.
    Seeds
    Seeds pinkish-brown or buff with darker brown mottling, elliptic-oblong, compressed, shiny, longest dimension 8–9 mm., shorter dimension 7·5 mm., thickness 3·5 mm.; hilum short with black rim-aril and produced into a scale-like appendage.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Mucuna coriacea Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10821], Tanzania 22957.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [11274], Tanzania 23368.000
    Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000071172 syntype

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 187 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 433 (1949).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 380 (1929).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 187 (1871).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0