1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Mucuna Adans.
      1. Mucuna gigantea (Willd.) DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa and Pacific.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Large woody liane attaining 8–15 m in length.
    Stem
    Stems at first covered with stiff orange-brown hairs, later glabrescent.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 4.2–11.5 × 2.2–7.5 cm, elliptic or ovate, the laterals oblique, acuminate and markedly apiculate at the apex, rounded at the base, glabrous; petiole 4.7–12 cm long; rhachis 1.8–3.5 cm long; petiolules 5 mm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences mostly from the thick lower stems; rhachis 3–6 cm long; peduncle 4–22 cm long; secondary branches 2–7 mm long, silvery pubescent; pedicels 1–2.5 cm long; bracts 7 × 2.5 mm, oblong; bracteoles 14 × 4 mm, oblong, deciduous.
    Calyx
    Calyx covered with fine grey pubescence and also long deciduous orange-brown bristles; tube 7–11 mm long; lobes 2–3 mm long, the upper lip scarcely emarginate.
    Corolla
    Standard pale creamy-green, white or pale lilac, eventually turning black, (2)2.5–3.5 × (1.6)2.2–2.6 cm, round, with very sparse orange bristly hairs, particularly outside at top of claw; wings and keel similarly coloured, (3)3.7–4.6 cm long.
    Fruits
    Pods stipitate, 8–15.3 × 3.5–5(6.4) × 1–1.9 cm, oblong or oblong-elliptic, margins with 2 wings, densely covered with stiff intensely irritant orange-brown bristles.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, densely mottled with black, 2.5–2.9 × 2.1–2.5 × 1.2–1.4 cm, discoid, the faces convex, smooth; hilum extending around the seed-margin for ± three-quarters of the circumference.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Large woody liane attaining 8–15 m. in length.
    Stem
    Stems at first covered with stiff orange-brown hairs, later glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaflets elliptic or ovate, the laterals oblique, 4·2–11·5 cm. long, 2·2–7·5 cm. wide, acuminate and markedly apiculate at the apex, rounded at the base, glabrous; petiole 4·7–12 cm. long; rhachis 1·8–3·5 cm. long; petiolules 5 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences mostly from the thick lower stems; rhachis 3–6 cm. long; peduncle 4–22 cm. long; secondary branches 2–7 mm. long, silvery pubescent; pedicels 1–2·5 cm. long; bracts oblong, 7 mm. long, 2·5 mm. wide; bracteoles deciduous, oblong, 1·4 cm. long, 4 mm. wide.
    Calyx
    Calyx covered with fine grey pubescence and also long deciduous orange-brown bristles; tube 7–11 mm. long; lobes 2–3 mm. long, the upper lip scarcely emarginate.
    Corolla
    Standard pale creamy-green, white or pale lilac, eventually turning black, round, (2–)2·5–3·5 cm. long, (1·6–)2·2–2·6 cm. wide, with very sparse orange bristly hairs, particularly outside at top of claw; wings and keel similarly coloured, (3–)3·7–4·6 cm. long.
    Fruits
    Pods stipitate, oblong or oblong-elliptic, 8–15·3 cm. long, 3·5–5(–6·4) cm. wide, 1–1·9 cm. thick, margins with 2 wings, densely covered with stiff intensely irritant orange-brown bristles.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown densely mottled with black, discoid, the faces convex, smooth, longest dimension 2·5–2·9 cm., shorter dimension 2·1–2·5 cm., thickness 1·2–1·4 cm.; hilum extending around the seed-margin for ± three-quarters of the circumference.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Lake Victoria regional mosaic; forest., Lake Victoria regional mosaic; bushland and thicket, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; forest, Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; bushland and thicket.
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing, Herb/Shrub
    Vernacular
    Elaphant Cowitch, Feseka Uli, Kana-pus-waela, Liane Cadoque, Liane Caiman, Mort aux Rats, Sea Bean, Tutae Pua, Wakore

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Comoros, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Fiji, Gilbert Is., Hainan, India, Kazan-retto, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Marianas, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Seychelles, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Western Australia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Hawaii, Society Is.

    Mucuna gigantea (Willd.) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Drummond, R.B. [3117], Tanzania 15707.000
    Wood, G.H.S. [615], Uganda 15499.000
    The Misses Parham [3], Fiji 15497.000
    Fraser [132], Australia K000279329
    Brown, R. [s.n.], Australia K000279327
    Mueller, F. von [s.n.], Australia K000279330
    Mueller, F. von [s.n.], Australia K000279334
    Mueller, F. von [s.n.], Australia K000279333
    Mueller, F. von [s.n.], Australia K000279332
    leg. ign. [s.n.], Australia K000279335
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5619], India K001121476

    First published in Prodr. 2: 405 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Wiriadinata, H., Ohashi, H. & Adema, F. (2016). Notes on Malesian Fabaceae (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) 16. The genus Mucuna Blumea 61: 90-124.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Wilmot-Dear, C.M. (2008). Mucuna Adans. (Leguminosae) in Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 36: 114-139.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Japan IIb: 1-550. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
    • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
    • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Banks, R.C. (ed.) (1982). Wildlife and wildlife habitat of American Samoa 2: 1-151. U.S. Fisch and Wildlife services, Washington.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
    • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Meyer, J.-Y. (2017). Guide des plantes de Wallis et Futuna: 1-486. Au vent des iles, editions, Tahiti.
    • Wiriadinata, H., Ohashi, H. & Adema, F. (2016). Notes on Malesian Fabaceae (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) 16. The genus Mucuna Blumea 61: 90-124.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Wilmot-Dear, C.M. (2008). Mucuna Adans. (Leguminosae) in Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 36: 114-139.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
    • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
    • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
    • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
    • Yuncker, T.G. (1959). Plants of Tonga Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 220: 1-283.
    • Guillaumin, A. (1948). Compendium de la Flore Phanérogamique des Nouvelles Hébrides Annales de l'Institut Botanico-Geologique de Marseille, VI, 5-6: 1-56.
    • Christopherson, E. (1935). Flowering Plants of Samoa Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 128: 1-221.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • DC., Prodr. 2: 405 (1825).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Welsh, S. L. (1998). Flora Societensis
    • Maxwell, R. H. (1991). In: Dassanayake, M. D. & Fosberg, F. R. (Eds.) A revised handbook
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
    • Hennessy, E. F. (1989). Flowering Plants of Africa. Vol 50. Plate 1998. Mucuna gigantea
    • Robertson, S. A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles. Kew
    • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
    • Sykes, W. (1979). Flora of Niue
    • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
    • Parham, J. W. (1972). Plants of the Fiji Islands
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Balfour, I. B. (1879). The collections from Rodriguez. Botany. Phil. Trans. 168:326-387

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0