1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Mucuna Adans.
      1. Mucuna stans Welw. ex Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to W. Ethiopia and S. Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    An erect much branched shrub 4–6 ft high
    Flowers
    Flowers deep purple.
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Small erect shrub or subshrub 0.9–2.4 m tall from a stout fibrous rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems at first golden pubescent or with appressed ferruginous hairs, later glabrous.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets rather thick, 2 × 8.5 × 1.3–4 cm, ovate or elliptic, the laterals slightly oblique, obtuse or emarginate at the apex, ± rounded at the base, finely appressed pubescent with greyish or ferruginous hairs above, more densely so beneath, the margin slightly crenate; petiole 1–6 cm long; rhachis 4–12 mm long; petiolules 3–4 mm long; stipules 4 × 1 mm, lanceolate, deciduous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 2–6 cm long above a peduncle 1.5–2 cm long, the latter often becoming thick and woody; flowers several per node, on pedicels 0.9–1.5 cm long; bracteoles 10 × 3 mm, linear-lanceolate.
    Calyx
    Calyx with dense appressed golden or ferruginous pubesence; tube 4–5 mm long; lobes 4–8 mm long.
    Corolla
    Standard very dark purple or almost black, 2–2.5 × 1.6 cm, ovate; wings dark, 2.5–3 cm long, with appressed golden pubescence outside; keel dark or white, 2.8–3.5 cm long, the tip horny; staminal tube white, tipped pale red or purplish.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong, 3.5–6.8 × 0.8–1.4 cm, very densely covered with blackish or golden somewhat irritant bristles.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark grey-brown, brown or red (fide Hauman), 7–8.5 × 4–7 × 3–4 mm, oblong-reniform or rounded-oblong; hilum central, 3 mm long; rim aril black (or white, fide Hauman).
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Small erect shrub or subshrub 1·2–2·4 m. tall from a stout fibrous root-stock.
    Stem
    Stems at first golden pubescent or with adpressed ferruginous hairs, later glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaflets rather thick, ovate or elliptic, the laterals slightly oblique, 2–8·5 cm. long, 1·3–4 cm. wide, obtuse or emarginate at the apex, ± rounded at the base, finely adpressed pubescent with greyish or ferruginous hairs above, more densely so beneath, the margin slightly crenate; petiole 1–6 cm. long; rhachis 4–12 mm. long; petiolules 3–4 mm. long; stipules deciduous, lanceolate, 4 mm. long, 1 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 2–6 cm. long above a peduncle 1·5–2 cm. long, the latter often becoming thick and woody; flowers several per node, on pedicels 0·9–1·5 cm. long; bracteoles linear-lanceolate, 1 cm. long, 3 mm. wide.
    Calyx
    Calyx with dense adpressed golden or ferruginous pubescence; tube 4–5 mm. long; lobes 4–8 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Standard very dark purple or almost black, ovate, 2–2·5 cm. long, 1·6 cm. wide; wings dark, 2·5–3 cm. long, with adpressed golden pubescence outside; keel dark or white, 2·8–3·5 cm. long, the tip horny; staminal tube white, tipped purplish.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong, 3·5–6·8 cm. long, 0·8–1·4 cm. wide, very densely covered with blackish or golden somewhat irritant bristles.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark grey-brown, brown or red (fide Hauman), oblong-reniform or rounded-oblong, longest dimension 7–8·5 mm., shorter dimension 4–7 mm., thickness 3–4 mm.; hilum central, 3 mm. long; rim-aril black (or white, fide Hauman).
    Figures
    Fig. 82/5, p. 563 & 83, p. 570.
    Habitat
    Grassland, bushland, grassland with scattered trees, also old cultivations; 1110–1800 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K5 T1 T4 T5 T7 T8 U2 U4
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Somalia-Masai wooded grasslands., Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Sudanian woodland, Zambezian wooded grassland, Zambezian bushland and thicket, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; wooded grassland, Zambezian grassland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Mucuna stans Welw. ex Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4758], Cameroon K000746563
    May 1, 1961 Gossweiler, J. [9453], Angola K001307162
    Zambia K000263344 Unknown type material
    Milne-Redhead, E. [11212], Tanzania 23378.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [924], Kenya 11481.000
    Gossweiler, J. [1348], Angola K000263343
    Welwitsch [2237], Angola K000263342 isotype
    Brunt, M.A. [678], Cameroon K000087098

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 187 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 2: 381.
    • in F.T.A. 2: 187 (1871)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Masharabu, T., Bigendako, M.J., Lejoly, J., Nkengurutse, J., Noret, N., Bizuru, E. & Bogaert, J. (2010). Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de la Ruvubu, Burundi International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 4: 834-856.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 251 (1966).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 160 (1962).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 561 (1958).
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 6: 127 (1954).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 434 (1949).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 381 (1929).
    • Harms in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 663, t. 309 (1915).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 187 (1871).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0