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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Mundulea (DC.) Benth.
      1. Mundulea sericea (Willd.) A.Chev.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Small tree or shrub 2–7 m. tall; bark corky, smooth or fissured, often yellowish; young stems velvety.
    Leaves
    Stipules triangular, velvety, ± 1 mm. long; leaf-rhachis velvety, up to 10 cm. long, including a petiole of 1–2 cm.; petiolules velvety; leaflets opposite or nearly so, rather leathery, in ± 6 pairs, ovate-oblong, elliptic or lanceolate, up to 4 cm. long and 1.4 cm. wide, rounded at the apex, with minute appressed hairs on both sides or glabre-scent above.
    Flowers
    Flowers in pairs at each node of dense terminal velvety pseudoracemes; bracts triangular, persistent, ± 0.5 mm. long; pedicels ± 1–1.5 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube ± 3 mm. long; lobes deltoid-acuminate, the 3 lower ± 3 mm. long, the 2 upper united almost to the tip.
    Corolla
    Blade of standard ± 18 mm. long and 15 mm. wide; claw curved, inrolled, ± 3 mm. long; wings 17 mm. long including a claw of 2 mm., the auricle as long as the claw; keel 18 mm. long including a claw of 4 mm.
    Stamens
    United part of filaments 15 mm., free parts 3 mm., anthers 0.5 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary velvety, ± 8-ovulate; style gently curved; stigma ± 0.4 mm. in diameter.
    Fruits
    Pod ± horizontal, tapering at the base, pointed, up to 8 cm. long by 8 mm. wide, often constricted between the seeds, yellowish-brown, velvety, indehiscent or almost so, 4–9-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds kidney-shaped, dark green, ± 4 mm. long by 3 mm. wide.
    Figures
    Fig. 28.
    Habitat
    Open places in lowland evergreen forest and bushland, rocky hills in deciduous woodland, deciduous bushland; locally common but absent from large areas; 10–1950 m.; rainfall 300–1100 mm.
    Distribution
    K1 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 U1 Z S. tropical Africa to South West Africa and South Africa (Transvaal, Natal)
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland, Cultivated, Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket, Sudanian woodland, Sahel regional transition zone; bushland and thicket, Zambezian bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    Vernacular
    Famakivato, Fanamo, Fanamohazo, Fanamomamo, Gal-baruta, Kang-bendi-gas, Pilavaiam, Wal-baruta
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae by B. Verdcourt

    Indumentum
    Young stems velvety silky; bark yellow-brown or pale grey, or striate with ridges grey and fissures white, corky, smooth or fissured.
    Flowers
    Flowers lilac, purple, mauve or pink, in pairs at each node of dense terminal velvety pseudoracemes 5–14 cm long; bracts c.0.5 mm long, triangular, persistent; pedicels 0.8–1.8 cm long. Flowers lilac, purple, mauve or pink, in pairs at each node of dense terminal velvety pseudoracemes 5–14 cm long; bracts c.0.5 mm long, triangular, persistent; pedicels 0.8–1.8 cm long.
    Corolla
    Standard (1)1.8–2.2 × (1)1.5-1.6 cm, elliptic, emarginate, claw curved, c.3 mm long, inrolled; wing blades 15 × 5 mm, narrowly elliptic, the auricle and claw 2 mm long; blades of keel petals 14 × 5 mm, elliptic-oblanceolate, the auricle 1 mm long and claw 4 mm long. Standard (1)1.8–2.2 × (1)1.5-1.6 cm, elliptic, emarginate, claw curved, c.3 mm long, inrolled; wing blades 15 × 5 mm, narrowly elliptic, the auricle and claw 2 mm long; blades of keel petals 14 × 5 mm, elliptic-oblanceolate, the auricle 1 mm long and claw 4 mm long.
    Ovary
    Ovary linear, c.8-ovuled, velvety; style gently curved.
    Habit
    Small tree or many-stemmed deciduous shrub 0.5–7.5(12) m tall. Small tree or many-stemmed deciduous shrub 0.5–7.5(12) m tall.
    Stem
    Young stems velvety silky; bark yellow-brown or pale grey, or striate with ridges grey and fissures white, corky, smooth or fissured.
    Leaves
    Leaves grey or silvery, (5)9–21(29)-foliolate; petiole 1–2 cm long, silky-velvet; rachis 5–8 cm long; leaflets subcoriaceous, ± opposite, 1–6.5(9) × 0.4–3.3 cm, ovate, ovate-elliptic or elliptic to lanceolate, narrowly rounded at the apex, rounded at the base, minutely appressed hairy on both surfaces or glabrescent on upper surface, with 8–10 pairs of lateral nerves; stipules 1–3 mm long, triangular-lanceolate, velvety; petiolules 2 mm long. Leaves grey or silvery, (5)9–21(29)-foliolate; petiole 1–2 cm long, silky-velvet; rachis 5–8 cm long; leaflets subcoriaceous, ± opposite, 1–6.5(9) × 0.4–3.3 cm, ovate, ovate-elliptic or elliptic to lanceolate, narrowly rounded at the apex, rounded at the base, minutely appressed hairy on both surfaces or glabrescent on upper surface, with 8–10 pairs of lateral nerves; stipules 1–3 mm long, triangular-lanceolate, velvety; petiolules 2 mm long.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube c.3 mm long, the 3 lower teeth c.3 mm, triangular, the upper pair of teeth almost completely united. Calyx tube c.3 mm long, the 3 lower teeth c.3 mm, triangular, the upper pair of teeth almost completely united.
    Stamens
    Stamen sheath (1)1.5 cm long, the free parts 3 mm long; upper filament free; anthers 0.5 mm long. Stamen sheath (1)1.5 cm long, the free parts 3 mm long; upper filament free; anthers 0.5 mm long.
    Pistil
    Ovary linear, c.8-ovuled, velvety; style gently curved.
    Fruits
    Pod yellow-brown, (4)7–9(12.5) × 0.7–1.1 cm, linear, often constricted between the seeds, velvety, (1)4–10-seeded, indehiscent or eventually dehiscent after a long period. Pod yellow-brown, (4)7–9(12.5) × 0.7–1.1 cm, linear, often constricted between the seeds, velvety, (1)4–10-seeded, indehiscent or eventually dehiscent after a long period.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark green, 4(5) × 3 mm, reniform. Seeds dark green, 4(5) × 3 mm, reniform.
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A shrub or small bushy tree
    Flowers
    Lilac or purplish flowers.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Guinea, Jawa, Mali, New Guinea

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Mundulea sericea (Willd.) A.Chev. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 1999 Cole, D.T. [1491], Botswana K000511217
    Feb 1, 1999 Cole, D.T. [1490], Botswana K000511216
    Oct 2, 1996 Lugard, E.J. [73], Botswana K000511215
    Oct 2, 1996 Peters, Mozambique K000263001 isotype
    Gossweiler, J. [2696], Angola K001307133
    Miller, O.B. [408], Botswana K000511214
    Letouzey, R. [13205], Cameroon K000087145
    Pope, G.V. [372], Botswana K000511218
    Long, D.G. [49], Botswana K000511209
    Long, D.G. [136], Botswana K000511212
    Smith, P.A. [1123], Botswana K000511213
    Hansen, O.J. [3193], Botswana K000511211
    Terry, J. [156], Botswana K000511208
    Terry, J. [201], Botswana K000511210
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5629] Tephrosia sericea K001121505
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5629] Tephrosia sericea K001121506
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5629] Tephrosia sericea K001121507
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5629] Tephrosia sericea K001121508
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5629] Tephrosia sericea K001121509

    Bibliography

    First published in Compt. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 180: 1521 (1925)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Brummitt, R.K. & al. (2007). Flora Zambesiaca 3(3): 1-258. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • in Compt. Rend. 180: 1521 (1925).

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • —M. Coates Palgrave, Trees Sthn. Africa: 376 (2002).
    • —K. Coates Palgrave, Trees Sthn. Africa, ed.2: 309 (1988).
    • —Palmer & Pitman, Trees Sthn. Africa: 919–923 (1972).
    • —Gillett in F.T.E.A., Legum., Pap.: 155, fig.28 (1971).
    • —Schreiber in Merxmüller, Prodr. Fl. SW Afrika, fam. 60: 90 (1970).
    • —Sousa in C.F.A. 3: 169 (1962).
    • —White, F.F.N.R.: 160 (1962).
    • —Hepper in F.W.T.A., ed.2, 1: 527 (1958).
    • in Compt. Rend. Hebd. Acad. Sci. Paris 180: 1521 (1925).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Brummitt, R.K. & al. (2007). Flora Zambesiaca 3(3): 1-258. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Aké Assi, L. (2001). Flore de la Côte-d'Ivoire: catalogue systématique, biogéographie et écologie. I Boissiera 57: 1-396.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • E. P. Sousa in Consp. Fl. Angol. 3: 169 (1962).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 160 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 371 (1961).
    • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2,1: 527 (1958).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 309 (1952).
    • R. O. Williams, Useful and Ornamental Plants in Zanzibar and Pemba p. 365 (1949).
    • Milne-Redh. in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1937: 417 (1937).
    • Greenway in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1936: 245 (1936).
    • A. Chev., Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Par. 180:1521 (1925).

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Senaratna, L. K. (2001). A check list of the flowering plants of Sri Lanka. Colombo.
    • Rudd, V. E. (1991). A Revised Handbook of the Flora of Ceylon 7: 108-381.
    • White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa
    • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Watt, J. M. & Breyer-Brandwijk, M (1962). Medicinal & Poisonous Plants of Southern & Eastern Africa
    • Dalziel, J. M. (1937). The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa
    • Cooke, T. (1903). The Flora of the Presidency of Bombay Vol. 1

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/