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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Ononis L.
      1. Ononis rotundifolia L.

        Round-leaved restharrow is a low-growing shrub, with round, toothed leaflets, covered in sticky glands. The pea-flowers are pink or white, with crimson veins, particularly on the standard petal. Two or three flowers are borne on a short stalk, which holds them clear of the leaves. Ononis fruticosa (shrubby restharrow) is similar in appearance, but has narrow leaflets.

    [KSP]

    Kew Species Profiles

    General Description
    Round-leaved restharrow is a beautiful, dwarf shrub with large, pink, red-veined pea-flowers and round, toothed, sticky leaflets.

    The pea-flowers have crimson veins, particularly on the standard petal. Two or three flowers are borne on a short stalk, which holds them clear of the leaves. Ononis fruticosa (shrubby restharrow) is similar in appearance, but has narrow leaflets.

    Species Profile
    Geography and distribution

    Native to the western Mediterranean, from eastern Spain and France to eastern Austria and central Italy, where it is found at 700-1,800 m above sea level.

    Description

    Overview: A perennial shrub up to 50 cm tall.

    Leaves: The leaves are divided into three leaflets, each of which is around 25 mm across, rounded, toothed and glandular. The terminal leaflet is borne on a 5 mm long stalk.

    Flowers:  The flowering branches are around 3 cm long. The flowers are 16-20 mm long. The standard petal is pink, with darker veins. The keel petals are usually white.

    Fruits: The fruit is a dark reddish, elongated, pod with silvery hairs.

    Uses

    Round-leaved restharrow is cultivated as an ornamental.

    This species at Kew

    Ononis rotundifolia is grown in the Plant Family Beds (bed number 38, Leguminosae) at Kew.

    Pressed and dried specimens of Ononis rotundifolia are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment.

    Distribution
    Austria, France, Italy, Spain
    Ecology
    Scrub and rocky places on hills and mountains; usually on limestone.
    Conservation
    Not threatened.
    Hazards

    None known.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Austria, France, Italy, Spain, Switzerland

    Synonyms

    Common Names

    English
    Round-leaved restharrow

    Other Data

    Ononis rotundifolia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 719 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Species Profiles

    • The Plant List (2010). Ononis rotundifolia.
    • Ivimey-Cook, R.B. (1968). Ononis L. In: Flora Europaea, Volume 2: Rosaceae to Umbelliferae, ed. Tutin, T.G. et al., p. 144. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

      Lauber, K. & Wagner, G. (1998). Flora Helvetica. Verlag Paul Haupt, Bern.
    • Curtis, W. (1796). Ononis rotundifolia. Curtis’s Bot. Mag. 10: tab. 335.

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Species Profiles
    Kew Species Profiles
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0