1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia albissima Gand.

        This species is accepted, and is native to Africa..

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect subshrub or woody herb, 0·4–1·8 m. tall.
    Stem
    Stems pubescent, the younger parts usually covered with a dense grey or silvery velvety tomentum.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, usually paler beneath, elliptic, obovate, round or rhomboid, the laterals oblique, 0·7–4 cm. long, 0·6–3·7 cm. wide, rounded or subacute at the apex, rounded at the base, pubescent to velvety and usually silvery-grey on both surfaces, gland-dots only visible in the more sparsely covered leaflets; venation prominent beneath; petiole 0·8–3 cm. long; rhachis 2–8 mm. long; petiolules 1–2 mm. long; stipules ovate-lanceolate, 3 mm. long, 1·2 mm. wide, pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences fairly dense, axillary or terminal; rhachis 2·5–5 cm. long; peduncle 1·5–6 cm. long; pedicels 2 mm. long; bracts deciduous, lanceolate, 3 mm. long, 0·5 mm. wide, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx silvery-grey pubescent; tube 2·5–4 mm. long; lobes lanceolate, 2–5 mm. long, the upper pair joined for ± half to three-quarters of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow, veined and flushed with deep purple outside, obovate, 0·7–1·5 cm. long, 0·5–1 cm. wide, silvery pubescent and with orange glands; wings deep yellow; keel pale greenish-yellow.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong-falcate, (1·3–) 1·6–1·8 cm. long, 5–6·5 mm. wide, covered with tangled grey or silvery hairs and sometimes with sparse longer yellow hairs intermixed.
    Seeds
    Seeds reddish-brown, densely mottled blackish, oblong-reniform, longest dimension 4 mm., shorter dimension 3 mm., 2·2 mm. thick.
    Habitat
    Grassland with scattered trees often on black cotton soil; 0–1200 m.
    Distribution
    K4 K7 T3 T6 U1
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Somalia-Masai grasslands
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Erect subshrub or woody herb, 0.4–2 m tall.
    Stem
    Stems pubescent, the younger parts usually covered with a dense grey or silvery velvety tomentum.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 3, usually paler beneath, 0.7–4 × 0.6–3.7 cm, elliptic, obovate, round or rhombic, less often distinctly acute, the laterals oblique, rounded or subacute at the apex, rounded at the base, pubescent to velvety and usually silvery-grey on both surfaces, gland dots only visible in the more sparsely covered leaflets; venation prominent beneath; petiole 8–30 mm long; rhachis 2–8 mm long; petiolules 1–2 mm long; stipules 3 × 1.2 mm, ovate-lanceolate, pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences fairly dense, axillary or terminal; rhachis 2.5–5 cm long; peduncle 1.5–6 cm long; pedicels 2 mm long; bracts deciduous, 3 × 0.5 mm, lanceolate, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx silvery-grey pubescent; tube 2.5–4 mm long; lobes 2–5 mm long, lanceolate, the upper pair joined for ± half to three-quarters of their length.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow, veined and flushed with deep purple outside, 7–10(15) × 5–10 mm, obovate, silvery pubescent and with orange glands; wings deep yellow; keel pale greenish-yellow.
    Fruits
    Pods (12)16–18 × 5–6.5 mm, oblong-falcate, covered with tangled grey or silvery hairs and sometimes with sparse longer yellow hairs intermixed.
    Seeds
    Seeds reddish-brown, densely mottled blackish, 4 × 3 × 2.2 mm, oblong-reniform.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe

    Rhynchosia albissima Gand. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schlechter, F.R.R. [3619], South Africa K000263801 syntype
    Burke [78], South Africa K000263800
    Burke [78], South Africa K000263802 syntype

    First published in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 60: 461 (1913)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 487 (1929).
    • Gand. in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 60: 461 (1913).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0