1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia clivorum S.Moore

        This species is accepted, and is native to Africa..

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Montane wooded grassland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Erect branched shrub or shrubby herb 0·9–3 m. tall.
    Stem
    Stems leafy, densely pubescent or hirsute.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, oblong-elliptic or ovate-elliptic, 2·5–11 cm. long, 1–5 cm. wide, acute to acuminate, rounded to truncate at the base, pubescent to villous above, pilose on the venation beneath; venation impressed above, strongly raised beneath so that the leaflet is conspicuously rugose; petiole 0·5–6 cm. long; rhachis 0·1–1·5 cm. long; petiolules 2–3 mm. long; stipules reflexed, oblong, ± 8–15 mm. long, 5–7 mm. wide, pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal; rhachis 2–6(–19) cm. long; peduncle 2(–6) cm. long; pedicels 2–3 mm. long; bracts large, soon deciduous, comose at the apex of the inflorescence, round to ovate, 0·8–2 cm. long, 0·4–1·4 cm. wide, acuminate to cuspidate at the apex, adpressed silvery pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx silvery to ferruginous, pubescent or pilose and with longer tubercular-based yellowish hairs; tube 3–4 mm. long; lobes lanceolate, 0·7–2·2 cm. long, 2–5 mm. wide, the lowest usually the longest, the upper pair joined for ± half their length.
    Corolla
    Standard bright yellow veined with brownish-red, 1·5–2 cm. long, 1·2–1·4 cm. wide, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong, 1·7–2 cm. long, 7–8 mm. wide, acuminate, densely clothed with yellow tubercular-based bristly hairs and also some finer pubescence.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark blackish-red, reniform, compressed, longest dimension 4 mm., shorter dimension 3 mm., 1·5 mm. thick.
    Distribution
    T7
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Erect branched shrub or subshrubby herb, rarely a small tree, 0.9–3.6(4.5) m tall.
    Stem
    Stems leafy, densely pubescent or hirsute.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 3, 2.5–11(12) × 1–5(7) cm, oblong-elliptic or ovate-elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, acute to acuminate, rounded to truncate at the base, pubescent to villous above, pilose on the venation beneath; venation impressed above, strongly raised beneath so that the leaflet is often conspicuously rugose but this varies greatly; petiole 0.5–6(12) cm long; rhachis 1–15(20) mm long; petiolules 2–3 mm long; stipules reflexed, c. 8–15 × 5–7 mm, oblong, pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal; rhachis 2–6(19) cm long; peduncle 2(6) cm long; pedicels 2–3 mm long; bracts large, soon deciduous, comose at the apex of the inflorescence, 8–20 × 4–14 mm, round to ovate, acuminate to cuspidate at the apex, appressed silvery pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx silvery to ferruginous, pubescent or pilose and with longer tubercular based yellowish hairs; tube 3–4 mm long; lobes 7–27 × 2–5 mm, lanceolate, the lowest usually the longest, the upper pair joined for ± half their length.
    Corolla
    Standard bright yellow veined with brownish-red, 1.5–2 × 1.2–1.4 cm, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pods 17–20 × 7–8 mm, oblong, acuminate, densely clothed with yellow tubercular based bristly hairs and also some finer pubescence.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark blackish-red, 4 × 3 × 1.5 mm, reniform, compressed.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Rhynchosia clivorum S.Moore appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in J. Bot. 16: 131 (1878)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 6:183 (1954).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 439 (1949).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 482 (1929).
    • S. Moore in Journal of Botany 16: 131 (1878).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0