1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia congensis Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to SW. Ethiopia and Angola.

    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A stout twiner
    Inflorescences
    Elongate racemes of cream coloured flowers
    Fruits
    Grey velvety fruits
    Seeds
    Conspicuous blue seeds.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Robust climber or trailer 1·8–6 m. long, the foliage sometimes unpleasantly aromatically scented when crushed.
    Stem
    Stems obscurely ribbed, finely silky pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, usually somewhat paler beneath, the terminal one rounded to broadly ovate, 3·5–12·5 cm. long, 2·5–10·5 cm. wide, the laterals obliquely ovate, 3·8–10·5 cm. long, 2–7 cm. wide, all acute to acuminate, rounded to slightly subcordate at the base, pubescent to glabrescent above, glabrous to softly shortly pubescent and densely glandular beneath; petiole 1·7–11 cm. long; rhachis 1–3 cm. long; petiolules 2–4 mm. long; stipules deciduous, triangular-lanceolate, up to ± 1 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, sometimes branched; rhachis 10–36 cm. long; peduncle 0–4 cm. long; pedicels 2–6 mm. long; bracts deciduous, broadly ovate, 0·7–1·4 cm. long, 6–7 mm. wide, acute, adpressed creamy velvety pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube with indumentum like the bracts, ± 3–5 mm. long; lobes lanceolate or oblong-elliptic, 0·45–1·5(–2) cm. long, 1·2–4 mm. wide, obtuse or acute, the upper pair joined for two-thirds to three-quarters of their length to form an acutely bifid lip.
    Corolla
    Corolla persistent, pale yellow marked with crimson, later brownish-orange when dry; standard very broadly ovate or almost round, 1·5–2 cm. long, 1·2–1·4 cm. wide, emarginate, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Pods usually twisted, narrowly oblong, ± 2–2·5 cm. long, 5·5–7 mm. wide, shortly creamy velvety pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seeds deep blue when fresh, later brownish, compressed-ellipsoidal or almost globose, longest dimension ± 5·5 mm., shorter dimensions 3·5–4·5 mm.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; grassland., Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; bushland and thicket., Guineo-Congolian forest., Guinea-Congolia/Sudania regional transition zone; forest., Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transitio
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing, Herb

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria, Senegal, Zaïre

    Rhynchosia congensis Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2001 Gosline, G. [79], Cameroon K000108201
    Smith, C. [s.n.], Congo K000263711 Unknown type material

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 2: 217 (1871)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in F.T.A. 2: 217 (1871)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Meikle in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 554 (1958).
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 6: 191 (1954).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 468 (1929).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 217 (1871).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Hepper, F. N. (1958). Papilionoideae. In: Flora West Tropical Africa. Keay, R. W. J.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0