1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia densiflora (Roth) DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Climbing, procumbent or ascending perennial herb 0.3–3 m long.
    Stem
    Stems mostly slender, ridged, shortly pubescent to densely grey hairy and glandular.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 3, elliptic, ovate, rhombic or almost round, the laterals oblique, 1.5–8 × 1–7.2 cm, rounded, acute or markedly acuminate at the apex, rounded to cuneate at the base, finely scaly pubescent on the nerves to softly pubescent on both surfaces, densely covered with small orange or black glands beneath; petiole 2–7 cm long; rhachis 3–13 mm long; petiolules 1–2.5 mm; stipules 4–7 × 1–4.5 mm, ovate to lanceolate, pubescent and glandular.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, sometimes branched, dense, subsessile, oblong; rhachis 2–12.5 cm long; peduncle 0.5–1 cm long; pedicels 1.5–3 mm long; bracts 4–16 × 1–5 mm, lanceolate, tapering acute, pilose or pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent or pilose and glandular punctate; tube c. 1.5–2 mm long; lobes 0.5–1.7 cm long, linear or linear-lanceolate, the lowest broader than the laterals, the upper 2 joined at the base or for ± half their length.
    Corolla
    Corolla persistent; standard yellow with purple veining, drying orange-brown, 7–14 × 4.5–9 mm, elliptic to oblong, glabrous; wings yellow; keel greenish.
    Fruits
    Pods turning dark, 10–14 × 4.5–5 mm, elliptic-oblong or oblong, apiculate, covered with short hairs or dense short tomentum, sparser long hairs and orange-red glands.
    Seeds
    Seeds reddish-brown with black mottling or almost entirely black, 3.5 × 2–3 × 1.5 mm, oblong-reniform, compressed.
    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    Slender twiner
    Ecology
    By forest margins
    Leaves
    Leaves dull green
    Corolla
    Petals greenish-yellow striped red
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Climbing, procumbent or ascending perennial herb 0·3–3 m. long.
    Stem
    Stems mostly slender, ridged, shortly pubescent to densely grey hairy and glandular.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, elliptic, ovate, rhomboid or almost round, the laterals oblique, 1·5–8 cm. long, 1·7–2 cm. wide, rounded, acute or markedly acuminate at the apex, rounded to cuneate at the base, finely scaly pubescent on the nerves to softly pubescent on both surfaces, densely covered with small orange or black glands beneath; petiole 2–7 cm. long; rhachis 0·3–1·3 cm. long; petiolules 1–2·5 mm.; stipules ovate to lanceolate, 4–7 mm. long, 1–4·5 mm. wide, pubescent and glandular.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, sometimes branched, dense, subsessile, oblong; rhachis 2–12·5 cm. long; peduncle 0·5–1 cm. long; pedicels 1·5–3 mm. long; bracts lanceolate, 0·4–1·6 cm. long, 1–5 mm. wide, tapering acute, pilose or pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent or pilose and glandular punctate; tube ± 1·5–2 mm. long; lobes linear or linear-lanceolate, 0·5–1·7 cm. long, the lowest broader than the laterals, the upper 2 joined at the base or for ± half their length.
    Corolla
    Corolla persistent; standard yellow with purple veining, drying orange-brown, elliptic to oblong, 0·7–1·4 cm. long, 4·5–9 mm. wide, glabrous; wings yellow; keel greenish.
    Fruits
    Pods turning dark, elliptic-oblong or oblong, 1–1·4 cm. long, 4·5–5 mm. wide, apiculate, covered with short hairs or dense short tomentum, sparser long hairs and orange-red glands.
    Seeds
    Seeds reddish-brown with black mottling or almost entirely black, oblong-reniform, compressed, longest dimension 3·5 mm., shorter dimension 2–3 mm., 1·5 mm. thick.
    Distribution
    tropical and South Africa, India (Madras), Ceylon and upper Burma K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T7 U1 U2 U3 U4
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Lake Victoria regional mosaic; bushland and thicket, Zambezian wooded grassland, Lake Victoria regional mosaic; wooded grassland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Zambezian bushland and thicket, Somalia-Masai grasslands, Somalia
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb

    Distribution

    Native to:

    India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka

    Rhynchosia densiflora (Roth) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [11808], Cameroon K000338217
    May 1, 2005 Gosline, G. [399], Cameroon K000338214

    First published in Prodr. 2: 386 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 2: 470.
    • Prod. 2: 386 (1825)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Meikle in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 555 (1958).
    • DC., Prodr. 2: 386 (1825).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0