1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia divaricata Baker

        This species is accepted, and is native to Africa..

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Robust scrambler or climber ± 3 m. long or sometimes (in Mozambique) a subshrub 0·5–2 m. tall.
    Stem
    Stems woody below, pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, rhomboid to ovate, the laterals oblique, 2·1–14 cm. long, 1·5–13·5 cm. wide, shortly and bluntly acuminate, rounded or truncate at the base, pubescent above, sparsely to densely greyish velvety pubescent beneath; petiole 5–14 cm. long; rhachis 1·3–3·7 cm. long; petiolules 1·5–6 mm. long; stipules lanceolate, 5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary or terminal; rhachis 2–16 cm. long, usually branched; peduncles 1–6·5 cm. long; pedicels 6–9(–14) mm. long; bracts deciduous, elliptic, 5·5–7·5 mm. long, 2·5–4 mm. wide, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent and with some longer tubercular-based hairs; lobes oblong to lanceolate, 2–5 mm. long, the lowest slightly exceeding the others, the upper pair joined for almost their entire length.
    Corolla
    Standard orange-yellow inside with black basal area and dark purple veins, cream outside with blackish-purple veining, rather narrowly obovate, 1·7–2·1 cm. long, 1·1 cm. wide, with rather sparse to dense tubercular-based hairs; wings orange-yellow above, black below; keel reddish-purple to black.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong-oblanceolate, 3·5–4 cm. long, 7 mm. wide, covered with yellow glandular-based hairs and also short pubescence.
    Seeds
    Seeds blackish red, oblong- or rounded-reniform, longest dimension 4·5–5 mm., shorter dimension 3·5 mm., 2 mm. thick.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland; 870–1230 m.
    Distribution
    T8 a variant in Rhodesia
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, B. Mackinder, R. Pasquet, R. Polhill and B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 3:5. 2001

    Habit
    Erect plant with seasonal stems from a woody rootstock or upper parts scrambling or climbing, 0.5–2 m tall or c. 3 m long or small tree 7–12 m (fide Barbosa & Carvalho 4258 and Torre & Correia 16783); stems with short dense fulvous hairs.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets 3, 2–14 × 1.5–13.5 cm, terminal rhombic-ovate, the laterals similar but asymmetrical, acute to shortly acuminate at the apex, rounded to truncate at the base, darker and pubescent to glabrescent above, more densely pubescent or greyish velvety and with scattered red glands beneath (sometimes almost absent), at length ± glabrous; venation raised and reticulate beneath; petiole 2–14 cm long; rhachis 1–3.7 cm long; petiolules 1.5–6 mm long; stipules 5–6 × 2 mm, oblong-lanceolate, pubescent outside.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary and terminal, mostly rather short (often shorter than the leaves) but occasionally long; rhachis 2–16(23) cm long, usually branched; peduncles 0.5–6.5 cm long; pedicels 6–9(14) mm long; bracts 4.5–7.5 × 2–4 mm, elliptic to ovate-acuminate, hairy outside, very quickly deciduous.
    Calyx
    Calyx pubescent and with some longer tubercular based hairs; tube 3.5 mm long; upper lobes joined to near apex to form a bifid lip 5 × 3.5 mm; laterals 3.1 × 1.1 mm, oblong-lanceolate; lowest lobe 5 × 1.1 mm, lanceolate.
    Corolla
    Standard yellow or orange-yellow inside striated with red-purple veins, cream-coloured outside with blackish-purple veining, 17–21 × 9–11 mm, narrowly obovate, sparsely to densely pubescent with tubercular based hairs; wings and keel reddish-purple to black or orange-yellow above and black in middle or base, 17 × 8 mm including 3 mm long claw.
    Fruits
    Pods 2.8–3.2(3.8) × 0.6–0.7 cm, oblanceolate-falcate, the seeds ± in upper part, with very short pubescence and longer yellow slightly to distinctly glandular-based hairs.
    Seeds
    Seeds blackish-red or purple-brown, 4.5–5 × 3.5–4.5 × 2 mm, oblong to rounded reniform.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Rhynchosia divaricata Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 20, 2002 Faulkner, H. [Kew 65], Mozambique K000072279
    Jun 20, 2002 Faulkner, H. [Kew 65], Mozambique K000072280
    Jun 20, 2002 Faulkner, H. [Kew 65], Mozambique K000072281
    Jun 20, 2002 Faulkner, H. [Kew 65], Mozambique K000072282
    Jun 20, 2002 Faulkner, H. [Kew 65 bis [or b]], Mozambique K000072283
    Jun 20, 2002 Corby, H.D.L. [1818], Zimbabwe K000072291
    Jun 20, 2002 Richards, H.M. [11298], Zambia K000072290
    Jun 20, 2002 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000072273 Unknown type material
    Jun 20, 2002 Whyte, A. [31 ?], Malawi K000072275
    Jun 20, 2002 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000072276
    Jun 20, 2002 Torre, A.R. [251], Mozambique K000072278
    Jun 20, 2002 Pope, G. [544], Mozambique K000072288
    Jun 20, 2002 Pawek, Jean [11053], Malawi K000072277
    Jun 20, 2002 McCallum-Webster, M. [905], Zambia K000072289
    Jun 20, 2002 Grandvaux Barbosa, L.A. [4258], Mozambique K000072287
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9581 A.], Tanzania 765.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [10681], Tanzania 768.000

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1897: 264 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mackinder, B., Pasquet, R., Polhill, R. & Verdcourt, B. (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 3(5): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hauman in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 6: 176 (1954).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 480 (1929).
    • Bak. in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1897: 264 (1897).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0