1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Rhynchosia Lour.
      1. Rhynchosia ferruginea A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to E. Central & E. Tropical Africa.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Afromontane(upland) bushland and thicket., Afromontane grassland, Lake Victoria regional transition zone; grasslands, Afromontane forest
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing, Herb
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Perennial climbing herb ± 1·5–2 m. long from a woody rootstock.
    Stem
    Stems densely covered with pale ferruginous hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaflets 3, paler beneath, ovate, the laterals slightly oblique, 0·5–4 cm. long, 0·3–3·5 cm. wide, rounded, acute or subacute at the apex, rounded at the base, glabrescent to velvety pubescent above with mostly grey or silvery hairs, velvety beneath with mostly ferruginous hairs on the main nerves and silvery hairs on the spaces between or only sparsely pubescent; venation impressed above, the lamina noticeably bullate in some specimens; petiole 0·2–2·8 cm. long; rhachis 0·1–1 cm. long; petiolules 1–2 mm. long; stipules triangular to narrowly lanceolate, 5–8 mm. long, 1–3·5 mm. wide, densely hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, dense to very lax; rhachis 2·5–11 cm. long; peduncles 1·5–4 cm. long, densely ferruginous pubescent; pedicels 2·5–3 mm. long; bracts deciduous, narrowly lanceolate, 4–5 mm. long, 0·5–3 mm. wide, densely pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx ferruginous pubescent; tube 2·5–3 mm. long; lobes triangular to lanceolate, 2–6 mm. long, the lowest the longest, the upper pair joined for ± half their length or only at their bases.
    Corolla
    Standard dull yellow veined with brown or purple, oblong to oblong-obovate, (0·6–)0·9–1·5 cm. long, 0·5–1·1 cm. wide, glabrous; keel pale yellow, brown or purplish apically.
    Fruits
    Pods oblong-falcate, 1·7–2·3 cm. long, 5·5–6·5 mm. wide, apiculate, often with a faint greenish reticulate pattern, puberulous and glandular and also pilose with longer yellow hairs some of which are glandular-based.
    Seeds
    Seeds chestnut with blackish mottling, rounded-reniform, longest dimension 3·8–4 mm., shorter dimension 2·5–3 mm., 1·3–1·8 mm. thick.
    Figures
    Fig. 109/28, p. 716.
    Habitat
    Upland or even subalpine grassland and associated evergreen forest patches, grassland with scattered Combretum, bushland, cultivated ground, sometimes in swampy areas; 1140–3000 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 T2 T3 T7 U1 U2 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Rhynchosia ferruginea A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Petit [s.n.], Ethiopia K000263695 Unknown type material
    Fries, R.E. [601], Kenya K000263719 Unknown type material

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 229 (1847)

    Accepted by

    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1983). Flora du Rwanda 2: 1-603. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 475 (1929).
    • Bak. in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 221 (1871).
    • A. Rich., Tent. F1. Abyss. 1: 229 (1847).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Gillett, J. B. et al. (1971). Papilionoideae. In: Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Milne-Redhead & Polhill

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0